采用边界范式, 在副中央凹呈现一个双字词或两个单字词, 操纵字N+2的预视(目标预视和假字预视), 来考察副中央凹中词汇特征是否影响读者随后的眼跳长度及注视位置。结果发现, 读者能够获得字N+2的预视; 双字词与两个单字词条件下注视位置没有显著地差异; 当副中央凹中为双字词时, 字N+2为目标预视时随后的眼跳长度显著地长于假字预视条件, 随后的注视位置距离词首更远; 当副中央凹中为两个单字词时, 两种预视条件下随后的眼跳长度及注视位置没有显著的差异。本研究结果提示：在汉语阅读中, 读者能够对字N+2进行预视加工, 这种加工的影响只发生在当副中央凹中为双字词时。
Intertemporal choice is vital to human survival and development, hence the interest of scientists today in analyzing how it is made. Mainstream theories hold that a discounting process serves as basis for making choices, but other theories forego this process. For example, priority models, such as the tradeoff model and equate-to-differentiate theory, show that individuals tend to compare the difference between dimensions of delay and outcome before deciding in a single dimension when selecting between a smaller, sooner outcome (SS) and a larger, later outcome (LL). To tackle this question and improve our knowledge of the mechanisms underlying human decision making, concrete evidence based on psychological process is required. In the current study, we tested priority models by using a process-oriented method.
In summary, the results of the four experiments showed that the dimensional difference-comparing is a key process but not the only psychological process of intertemporal choice. The results of our study deepened our understanding of the mechanisms underlying intertemporal choice and added important procedural evidence to current priority models.
To improve team effectiveness and build up competitive advantage, team leader has to make clear of the dynamics of team composition first and make best use of it then. Research on the relationship between team faultlines and performance has grown popular over the last two decades. Nevertheless, cumulative findings of the effects of demographic faultlines have been inconsistent. I argued that these inconsistent findings were partly due to the neglect of the typology of faultlines. Further, there is little knowledge about the intermediate process between different types of faultlines and team performance. This study tended to address the puzzling issue of inconsistency by hypothesizing that social category faultlines might dampen team performance and information- based faultlines benefit team performance. In addition, transactive memory system was hypothesized to mediate the relationship between social category / information-based faultlines and team performance.
Models of social perception in social psychology can help our understanding of consumers’ perception and relation with brands. Consumers’ relationships with brands sometimes resemble people’s relationships among themselves. It is thus speculated that the Stereotype Content Model (SCM) on how social perception works would possibly apply to brand perception. Few studies, however, have investigated the antecedent variables of the different dimensions of brand perception at the corporate and product levels, as well as their interaction mechanism. This research explored the possible antecedent roles of corporate image and product’s superior benefits in brand perception. We further hypothesized a synergistic effect of corporate image and product’s superior benefits on purchase intention, with brand admiration playing a mediating role.