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ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

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    25 June 1981, Volume 13 Issue 02 Previous Issue    Next Issue

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    THE CURRENT DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY IN CHINA——WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF NUMBER-CONCEPTS OP 3—12 YEARSOLD CHINESE CHILDREN
    Liu Fan(Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica)
    1981, 13 (02):  3-9. 
    Abstract ( 657 )  
    This is an invited lecture delivered on the ⅩⅫ International Congressof Psychology held at Leipzig, July 6-12, 1980. In this lecture the author briefly introduced the situation of the presentdevelopmental psychology and several main aspects of the research work inthis field in China. He also introduced as an example the co-operative studyon the development of number-concepts and arithmetical operation-abilitiesin 3-12-years old and discussed on the basis of the findings from this workthe children's cognitive development in a contradictionmotion viewpoint. Somereference to the method of their cooperative research work was also included.
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    SOME PROBLEMS ABOUT CLASSIFICATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY METHODS
    Wang Shu-mao(Institute of Philosophy, Academy of Social Sciences, Liaoning)
    1981, 13 (02):  15-20. 
    Abstract ( 510 )  
    1. Historical Overview of the Psychological Methodology; 2. Classification of Psychological Study Methods by xajhoky (Japan),Robinsten (USSR) and Bulgaria Pierove (USSR); 3. Classification by the author himself.
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    A STUDY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF NUMBER CONCEPTS AND OPERATIONAL ABILITIES OF 7—12 YEARS OLD IN 10 DISTRICTS IN CHINA
    Liu Fan,Lu Jing,Shen Jia-xian,Lai Chang-gui,Zhang Zeng-jie,Liu Jing-xian,Ding Song-nian,Xu Xiu-chang,Cao Zi-fang and Wang Peng-fei
    1981, 13 (02):  21-35. 
    Abstract ( 490 )  
    This is a comprehensive report of the findings from studies of 959 7-12yearsold child subjects from 10 districts throught China. The developmentof recognition of numbers (including transfer between figure and number),ordinals and sets of series, composition and decomposition of numbers, operationand application was explored. And on the basis of the findings the authorsdiscussed the relations between knowledge learning and development of arit-hmetical concepts, the process of this development, the environmental effects,and stages of the development.The cooperative way which they have adoptedfor several years is also remarked.
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    A STUDY OF THE INDIVIDUAL CASE OF A CHILD IN MASTERING NUMBER CONCEPT——A FOLLOW-UP STUDY OF A CHILD AT THE AGE OF 3—4 YEARS OLD(Ⅰ)
    Xu Zhi-quan,Song Bao-ling(Zheng Zhou University)
    1981, 13 (02):  36-44. 
    Abstract ( 539 )  
    This report is based upon a follow-up study of the number-concept-mastering process of a child of 3-4 years old. The result of investigationshows that it is not only possible but also necessary for a 3-4-year-oldchild to master the concept of numerals. The development of numeral conceptextension has a certain procedure. The level of number concept is raisedthrough the practice of counting, taking things, comparing, calculating,reading and writing, with counting as the first step. The number conceptcannot be marstered spontaneously, nor is it a result of training andlearning. It plays an important part in overcoming diffculties in reading andmemorizing the numeration table. To master number concept is to masternumerical knowledge; it is a process of cognition, in which functions ofactions and memory are the most prominent.
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    FURTHER DATA ON THE UNIFORMITY OF THE CIE 1960 UCS DIAGRAM
    Yu Bo-lin,Jiao Shu-lan et al.(Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica)
    1981, 13 (02):  63-71. 
    Abstract ( 721 )  
    Color matching experiments were carried out with 2 observers on 3 colortemperature points, i. e. ∞K, 8333K and 4167K, on the Planckian locus inthe CIF: 1960 Diagram. A 2°bi-partite field on a visual colorimeter wasused for matching the above standard lights with test lights. The 2 observersgave similar results in that: 1) The size and shape of the tolerance areasfor a match are different for the 3 color temperature points; 2) The highcolor temperature points of ∞K and 8333K are not situated at the centerof the tolerance areas, which indicates that these areas on the Planckianlocus of the CIE 1960 UCS Diagram may not be uniform. But the colortemperature point of 4167K is at the center of the tolerance area whichshows that the area around this point is more uniform.
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    A SERIAL STUDY ON THE RELATIVE SPECTRAL LUMINOSITY AMONG CHINESE PEOPLE(Ⅳ)——INFLUENCE OF THE LUMINANCE LEVELS ON THE RELATIVE SPECTRAL LUMINOSITY
    Ma Mou-chao,He Bao-yuan et al.(Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica)
    1981, 13 (02):  72-77. 
    Abstract ( 554 )  
    This work was undertaken by using the flicker method and JND Technique.Luminosity curves under the conditions of 4 luminance levels (correspond to7.62, 76.2, 762 and 7620 td)have been obtained.The results show that the V(λ)curves become slender when the luminosity rises, that is, as the luminancelevels increase, the sensitivity to the two ends of the visible spectrum decreas-es while that to the middle of the spectrum holds relatively invariable.
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    EFFECTS OF HYPOXIA ON BRAIN FUNCTIONS AND MENTAL PERFORMANCES IN HIGH MOUNTAINS
    Lin Zhong-xian,Ma Mou-chao,Hong Sheng-qin,Wang Shu-mao,Xu Bing-heng,Lu Jin-gen(Institute of Psychology,Academia Sinica)(Shanghai Institute of Physiology, Academia Sinica)
    1981, 13 (02):  78-86. 
    Abstract ( 771 )  
    Psycho-physiological studies on human subjects were carried out in highmountains at an altitude of 4,000 m. above sea level. The tests employedwere: (1) visual functions (color discrimination, depth perception and criticalflicker frequency), (2)auditory functions (auditory threshold, auditory fatigue,intensity discrimination and sound localization); (3)attention steadiness; (4)memory and association; (5) four fundamental operations; (6) hand-footcoordination and reaction time;(7) pursuit movement and motor skill. Theresults show that some of these mental functions seemed somewhat changedunder hypoxia. In general, there were no apparent effects of hypoxia on brainfunctions and mental Performances in high mountains at an altitude of 4,000m. above sea level.
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    3D-TV(MODEL PLZT)AND OPERATION OF MANIPULATOR
    Yu Ji-sheng,Gao Jing,Fang Li-luo et al.(Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica)
    1981, 13 (02):  87-92. 
    Abstract ( 815 )  
    This experiment studied effects of defferent viewing conditions upon theoperation of manipulator. Three conditions were compared; direct viewing,2D-TV and 3D-TV viewing. The purpose is to evaluate 3D-TV with rateand accuracy of manipulator. Manipulator is the analoque type (model MA-11, made in France) and 3D-TV (model PLZT) made in China. 6 normalrision adults attended the experiment. The results indicated that the directviewing were better than the 2D-TV and the 3D-TV both in rate andaccuracy, and that 3D-TV better than 2D-TV. The results also indicatedthat the PLZT 3D-TV may be used as a viewing instrument in man-machinesystem.
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    DISPLAY AREA OF SINUSOIDAL GRATINGS AND LOW SPATIAL FREQUENCY CHANNELS
    Yu Wen-zhao(Shanghai Institute of Physiology, Academia Sinica)
    1981, 13 (02):  93-97. 
    Abstract ( 564 )  
    The relation between stimulus size of sine gratings and the low spatialfrequency channels has been systematically investigated by television technique. Experimental data suggest that the human visual system contains thelow spatial frequency channels. Variation of stimulus area of gratings is asignigicant condition for the display of the low spatial frequency channels. Itwas found that with the area of sine gratings increasing (from, 1°, 2°to 5°,10°field), human eyes become more sensitive to the low spatial frequency,to which the position of the lowest spatial frequency channels is leading, andadaptable range of the low spatial frequency is extended (from 3 c/d to 0.2c/d). At 10°visual field position of the lowest spatial frequency channelsstays at 0.3 c/d. The asymmetry of the bandwidth of the low spatial frequencychannels has also been observed.
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    COORDINATE ACTIVITIES OF THE TWO CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES:OBSERVATION OF HIGHER PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTION DURING 14 YEARS AFTER RIGHT HEMISPHECTOMY
    Li Xin-tian,Hu Chao-qun,Guo Nian-feng,Wang Sun,Pu Dao-xue,Wu Wen-zhu
    1981, 13 (02):  103-111. 
    Abstract ( 557 )  
    A case of an epileptic patient having had right hemispherectomy for 14 yearsis reported in this paper. A neuropsychological battery was undertaken in Sept. 1980. The tests demonstrated that the patient showed a certain degreeof disruption of non-verbral functions, such as perception and recognition ofa line and abstractive drawing and their spatial orientation. But there wasno apparent impairment in recognition and in spatial orientation of musicalrhythm, color hues and concrete objects. The left hemisphere compensateda part of the function of the right hemisphere. The patient works and livesas usual.
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    EFFECT OF REM DEPRIVATION ON CONSOLIDATION OF MEMORY IN RATS
    Li De-ming,Shao Dao-sheng(Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica)
    1981, 13 (02):  112-118. 
    Abstract ( 559 )  
    The retentions of memory were tested in 4 groups of Albino Rats. REMdeprivation was carried out on small platform surrounded by water for 24hrs after discrimination learning in Group 1. The free sleep was returned for24 hrs after REM deprivation in Group 2. The interval between REMdeprivation and learning was 24 hrs free sleep in Group. 3. The free sleep was allowed for 24 hrs after learning in Group 4 which was the control one.Then the retentions of memory were tested in all animals. The experiment demonstrated that REM deprivation had produced aconsiderable impairment to the consolidation of memory in Group 1. Theconsolidation of memory in Group 2 was little better than Group 1. However,the retentions of memory were better in Groups 3 and 4 in both of whichanimals were allowed to sleep freely immediately after learning or imposedto deprive REM sleep afterwards. The results indicated that it is very important for the consolidation ofmemory to sleep freely after learning, but REM deprivation is harmful.
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