ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (04): 46-50.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

3—6岁不同民族儿童颜色命名发展的比较

林仲贤;张增慧;韩布新;傅金芝   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所,中国科学院心理研究所,中国科学院心理研究所,云南省教育科学研究所 北京100101 ,北京100101 ,北京100101 ,昆明650092
  • 出版日期:2001-08-25 发布日期:2001-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 林仲贤

DEVELOPMENT OF COLOR NAMING AMONG YOUNG CHILDREN OF DIFFERENT NATIONALITIES IN CHINA

Lin Zhongxian\ Zhang Zenghui\ Han Buxin (Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101) Fu Jinzhi (Yunnan Institute of Educational Science, Kunming 650092)   

  • Online:2001-08-25 Published:2001-08-25

摘要: 该文报告了我国大陆地区的汉族、蒙族、维族、壮族、白族及哈尼族 3— 6岁儿童的颜色命名发展的水平与差异。采用 8种常见色片 ,即红、橙、黄、绿、蓝、紫及黑、白作为本实验用色样。结果表明 :6个不同民族儿童的颜色正确命名率均随年龄增长而提高 ,不同民族儿童的颜色正确命名率存在一定差异。从总平均结果值来看 ,汉族儿童正确命名率为 75 7% ,蒙族为 74 9% ,哈尼族为 5 9 8% ,壮族为 5 7 8% ,白族为 5 6 3 % ,维族为 4 2 9%。对不同颜色的正确命名难易程度是不同的 ,但总的发展趋势是一致的 ,正确命名颜色的先后发展次序是 :先是黑色、红色、白色 ,然后是黄色和绿色 ,再后是蓝色 ,最后是紫色与橙色。对儿童给予早期颜色命名教育可以明显提高和促进其颜色命名能力的发展

关键词: 颜色命名, 不同民族儿童, 发展

Abstract: This paper reports on the level and the difference of the development of ability to name colors by 3-6 year old children in China's Han, Mongolian, Uighur, Zhuang, Bai and Hani nationalities. Eight familiar color chips, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, black and white, were used as color test samples in this study. The results were indicated as follows: 1) the percentages of correct color naming of all the six nationality children increased with age; 2) the total mean percentages of correct naming of colors by the different nationality children were as follows: Han, 75.7%; Mongolian, 74.9%; Hani, 59.8%; Zhuang, 57.8%; Bai, 56.3%; Uighur, 42.9%; 3) the eight colors did not present equal degree of difficulty for correct color naming, some were easier than the others, but the degrees of difficulty of correctly naming the eight colors were very consistent for all the six nationality children; 4) the order of colors according to the percentages of correct color naming scores by total Chinese young children were as follows: firstly black, red and white, then yellow and green, and then blue, the last were purple and orange.

Key words: color naming, children of different nationalities, development