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Advances in Psychological Science    2015, Vol. 23 Issue (6) : 1021-1030     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01021
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The Mental Health of Sexual Minorities: Theoretical Models and Research Orientations
ZHANG Jing; ZHENG Lijun; ZHENG Yong
(Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
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Abstract  

Sexual minorities include gay, lesbians and bisexuals. The Sexual Minority Stress Model (SMSM) holds that, the sexual minority stress has a huge impact on the mental health of sexual minority individuals as they suffer from their identities. The sexual minority stress included external stress (prejudice, discrimination and stigma) and internal stress (minority identity, concealment and coming out). There were two different research orientations in the research of relationships between sexual minority stress and mental health. The between-group studies emphasized on the differences between sexual minority individuals and heterosexuals, thus finding out that sexual minorities suffered from more negative psychological problems. The within-group studies documented the effect of sexual minority stress on mental health on the basis of the SMSM.

Keywords sexual minority      mental health      stress      sexual orientation     
Corresponding Authors: ZHENG Lijun, E-mail: lijuntrue@163.com   
Issue Date: 25 June 2015
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ZHANG Jing,ZHENG Lijun,ZHENG Yong. The Mental Health of Sexual Minorities: Theoretical Models and Research Orientations[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(6): 1021-1030.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01021     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2015/V23/I6/1021
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