ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 315-319.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

Ⅱ型糖尿病患者的行为特征研究

徐震雷;范晓舵;胡佩诚;李心天;冯晋光   

  1. 北京医科大学医学心理教研室!100083,北京医科大学医学心理教研室!100083,北京医科大学医学心理教研室!100083,北京医科大学医学心理教研室!100083,北京医科大学第一附属医院!100022
  • 出版日期:1996-09-25 发布日期:1996-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 徐震雷

STUDY OF TYPE Ⅱ DIABETES MILLITUS BEHAVIORAL PATTERN

Xu Zhenlei Fan Xiaotuo Hu Peicheng Li Xintian (Dept, of Medical Psychology Beijing Medical University, Beijing 100083) Feng Jinguang (The First Hospital, Beijing Medical University, Beijing 100022)   

  • Online:1996-09-25 Published:1996-09-25

摘要: 使用修订行为特征问卷调查了112名Ⅱ型糖尿病患者和147名健康对照组。结果表明: 1.男性患者比健康人更加抑郁;2.女性患者比健康人更加焦虑、抑郁和愤怒;3.不论是男性 还是女性,此问卷可显著地区分这两组,越抑郁的人,越不焦虑的人,越缺少合理化这种心理 防御机制的人,越可能是糖尿病患者。结合其它的研究结果,认为存在着Ⅱ型糖尿病易感性 行为特征,主要表现为:高抑郁;低焦虑;对应激的唤醒水平低;不善于使用心理防御机制来 保护和伪装自己;寻找一些有趣的事情:回避痛苦事件;不善于延迟的满足,要求马上得到满 足;注意易分散等。

关键词: 行为特征问卷, 易感性行为特征, 糖尿病, 应激

Abstract: Personality charecteristics were assessed in 112 patients with type Ⅱ DIABETES MILLITUS and 147 healthy people using Behavioral Charecteristics Questionnaire. The result revealed male patients feel more depression, female patients feel more anxiety, depression and anger, both for males and females this questionnaire can discriminate patients and healthy people significantly, it could be patients with more depression, less anxiety and less rationality, Combining other research it could be suggested that there exists TYPE Ⅱ DIABETES MILLITUS PRONE BEHAVIORAL PATTERN, expressed by depression, low-anxiety, low-arousal to stress, can mask himself well as to protect himself using machanisms of defence novelty seeking, avoidance of harmful events, tend to be unable to delay gratification, and difficulty in concentrating attention.

Key words: behavioral characteristic questionnaire, prone behavioral pattern, diabetes millitus, stress