ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2023, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (11): 1762-1779.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2023.01762

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇


张航2, 王婷3, 冯晓慧2, 韦义平1(), 张积家1()   

  1. 1广西师范大学教育学部, 桂林 541004
    2中国人民大学心理学系, 北京 100872
    3中国人民大学新时代国际传播研究院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2022-11-10 发布日期:2023-08-30 出版日期:2023-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 张积家, E-mail:; 韦义平, E-mail:
  • 作者简介:王婷为本文共同第一作者

Effect of bronze drum training on rhythm perception and executive function of Zhuang drummers

ZHANG Hang2, WANG Ting3, FENG Xiaohui2, WEI Yiping1(), ZHANG Jijia1()   

  1. 1Faculty of Education, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, China
    2Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    3New Era International Communication Research Institute, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2022-11-10 Online:2023-08-30 Published:2023-11-25


节奏是声音序列在时间维度上的变化特征, 对产生和理解音乐旋律和言语韵律具有重要作用。通过2个实验考察壮族铜鼓音乐的“变奏”训练形式对壮族鼓手的音乐知觉和执行功能的影响。结果发现, 铜鼓训练组对节奏变化的感知能力显著优于控制组, 但两组被试对音高变化的感知能力无显著差异, 说明长期铜鼓训练使壮族鼓手的节奏分辨能力得到了特异性的塑造与强化。铜鼓训练组在抑制控制和工作记忆能力上具有显著优势, 但在转换能力上与控制组没有显著差异, 反映了铜鼓音乐训练对执行功能的各子成分的促进作用存在选择性。壮族铜鼓的音乐经验作为认知与文化交互作用的产物具有超越审美价值的功能属性, 体现为长期铜鼓音乐训练可以优化鼓手的节奏感知能力和执行功能。

关键词: 节奏知觉, 壮族铜鼓音乐文化, 执行功能


Rhythm, as the temporal variation in a sequence of sounds, plays a crucial role in understanding musical melodies and speech patterns. Previous research has shown that musicians exhibit superior abilities in processing music-related and unrelated information and show advantages in executive function. However, the specific component of musical training (pitch or rhythm) that yields these benefits remains unclear, largely due to the intertwined nature of pitch and rhythm training. This study seeks to understand the impact of exclusive rhythmic training on cognitive abilities, leveraging the unique opportunity provided by Zhuang drummers who have undergone bronze drum training without any formal melodic training.
The bronze drum is the artistic treasure of Zhuang nation.As a unique form of local instrumental music performance, Donglan bronze drum music pursues the asynchronicity and variability of rhythm, and has more characteristics than the music art synchronized with the collective, which requires a higher level of rhythm perception. The most distinctive feature of Donglan bronze drum music is the rich rhythm changes, which fully reflects the superb skill level of the players. Therefore, long-term bronze drum training may promote the drummer's music perception and higher cognitive function development.
We conducted six experiments involving 52 participants from Lan Yang, a small town in Guangxi Donglan County. Among them, 26 individuals [Mean age = 49.88 ± 15.98 years] had long-term bronze drum training but no other musical training, while the other 26 [Mean age = 47.77 ± 12.62 years] had no music training at all. Participants underwent tasks in rhythmic and pitch change detection, combined rhythmic-pitch change detection, pitch-based auditory Stroop, auditory n-back tasks, and a cued alternating runs switching task.
The results indicated that the Zhuang bronze drummers exhibited superior rhythm perception compared to the control group, with no discernable difference in pitch perception, suggesting the bronze drum training may enhance auditory temporal fine-tuning. Regarding executive functions, the drummers outperformed the control group in inhibitory control and working memory updating. However, rhythm perception was unrelated to switching performance, aligning with the “Unity and Diversity of Executive Functions” hypothesis that expertise in rhythm perception doesn't uniformly improve all cognitive abilities.
This study demonstrates that the rhythmic perception ability of Zhuang bronze drummers is an interplay of cognitive factors and Zhuang musical culture exposure. The long-term bronze drum training significantly enhances rhythm perception and certain executive functions, revealing the non-aesthetic value of bronze drum performance. The unique “variation rhythm” style may have originated from the imitation of “frogs clamour”, a feature of the local bronze drum music culture.

Key words: rhythm perception, bronze drum musical culture of Zhuang, executive function