ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 27-32.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

词切分与字间距对引导式汉语文本阅读工效的影响

沈模卫;李忠平;张光强   

  1. 浙江大学心理与行为科学系,浙江大学心理与行为科学系,浙江大学心理与行为科学系 杭州310028 ,杭州310028 ,杭州310028
  • 出版日期:2001-10-25 发布日期:2001-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 沈模卫

THE EFFECTS OF WORD SPLITTING AND CHARACTER-SPACE ON COMPREHENSION OF CHINESE TEXT PRESENTED IN LEADING FORMAT

Shen Mowei Li Zhongping Zhang Guangqiang (Department of Psychology and Behavioral Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028)   

  • Online:2001-10-25 Published:2001-10-25

摘要: 采用两个实验分别考察了词切分和字间距对引导式汉语文本的阅读工效的影响。实验结果表明 :(1)不同步幅下的阅读工效差异显著 ,其中 3字 /步条件下的阅读绩效最高 ,但词切分并未能提高阅读绩效 ,其中消失 1词 /步条件反而妨碍了阅读理解 ,出现 1词 /步条件也未能显著提高阅读工效 ;(2 )字间距对汉语文本阅读工效有显著影响 ;(3) 10字窗口下 ,步幅效应和字间距效应都显著 ;2 0字窗口下 ,二者都不显著。

关键词: 词切分, 字间距, 引导式, 阅读工效, 汉语文本

Abstract: The effects of two factors named word splittings and character-spaces on Chinese text reading comprehension were respectively tested in two experiments. The results showed:(1) that moving steps caused statistically significant difference on the reading comprehension: reading comprehension in 3-character per step was better than in 2-and 1-character per step, but the text moving in the speed of a word per step (both in appearing and disappearing condition) failed to facilitate the reading processes; (2) that character-spaces caused significantly different performances on Chinese reading, but the effects of character-spaces that larger than 1 character were still hanging in doubts; (3) that the effects of moving steps and character-spaces both were statistically significant in 10-character window, but insignificant in 20-charater window. Finally the causes of these findings on the bases of eye-movement researches on static text were discussed.

Key words: word splitting, character space, leading format, reading comprehension, Chinese text