ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (8): 1371-1379.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01371

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Developmental Reversals in False Memory: Why the More Grown up the More Fallible?

JIANG Ronghuan; LI Xiaodong   

  1. (Normal College, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China)
  • Received:2014-09-01 Online:2015-08-15 Published:2015-08-15
  • Contact: LI Xiaodong, E-mail:


The developmental reversal of false memory refers to the phenomenon that under certain circumstance the false memory increases with age (e.g. DRM Paradigm).Fuzzy-trace theory believes that such phenomenon is caused by the growing ability of gist memories and the unavailability of the verbatim memories in memory tasks. However, the associative-activation theory suggests that such phenomenon should be attributed to the continually maturing automatic associative activation. Both theories are supported by a large number of empirical evidences. Yet no unanimous conclusion was achieved so far. Previous studies indicated that the development of false memory was related to a variety of cognitive functions; moreover, it is related to some high-level cognitive process based on memory and semantic. Further studies should rectify the developmental model of false memory, and extend its application.

Key words: false memory, fuzzy-trace theory, associative-activation theory, development reversal