ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (5): 806-814.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.00806

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The Implanting of False Memory

LIU Zhenliang; LIU Tiantian; HAN Jiahui; MU Shoukuan   

  1. (School of Educational Science, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000, China)
  • Received:2014-05-28 Online:2015-05-15 Published:2015-05-15
  • Contact: MU Shoukuan, E-mail:


False memories can be implanted. Confused with real memory, implanted false memory are a part of the individual experience, and will affect people's thought, attitude and behavior. Paradigms of implanting false memory mainly include false-feedback technique, imagination inflation, doctored photographs paradigm and treat-and-trick paradigm. Previous studies revealed that implanted false memories occurred in activities like diet, consumption and aggression. Distinguishing implanted false memory from true memory lies in four aspects of result, emotion, persistent and physiological mechanisms. There are two possible theoretical explanations for implanted false memories: associativity and multi-step model. Moreover, there are quite a lot problems existing in the research such as demand characteristics, cognitive reaction, paradigm selection, and ethics of the experiment. Further studies should examine the effectiveness on paradigms of implanting false memory, the matching of individual characteristics and implanted false memory, the measurement of behavioral consequences and applications of implanted false memory.

Key words: false memory, implanting, implanting paradigms, implanting effect, multi-step model