ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 316-324.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.00316

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Decision Making Processing and Individual Differences: The Perspective of Fuzzy-trace Theory

LI Bin; XU Fuming; WANG Wei; ZHANG Hui; LUO Hanbing   

  1. (School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province; Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2014-01-10 Online:2015-02-14 Published:2015-02-14
  • Contact: XU Fuming, E-mail:


Fuzzy-trace theory is an important theory in the field of behavioral decision making. It suggests there are two methods named verbatim processing and gist processing when people are processing information; people tend to use gist processing in decision making; there are individual differences between these two processing methods. According to the fuzzy-trace theory, the present paper raises a processing model of decision making which is explained by taking framing effect and risk perception as the example. What’s more, the theory can also explain individual differences in decision making by analyzing individual differences between verbatim processing and gist processing. Finally, the deficiencies existing in current research and the directions for future research are discussed.

Key words: fuzzy-trace theory, framing effect, risk perception, individual difference