ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (12): 2022-2032.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2012.02022

• Regular Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Functional-somatic Symptoms in Children and Adolescents

WANG Xin-Jian;ZHANG Bin   

  1. (Department of Social Psychology, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China)
  • Received:2011-11-01 Online:2012-12-15 Published:2012-12-15
  • Contact: ZHANG Bin

Abstract: Functional Somatic Symptoms, defined as physical symptoms of unknown pathology, are common in children and adolescents. In addition to their high prevalence, FSS are associated with comorbid psychiatric symptoms, particularly anxiety and depression. Functional abdominal pain, head pain and fatigue are the most common symptoms reported by both community and epidemiological children population. FSS was influenced by multiple risk factors, such as culture, age, gender, family environment and physiological vulnerability. Psychological models were proposed from various theoretical perspectives. Psychological treatments, especially Cognitive- behavior therapy and relaxation and biofeedback intervention were evaluated to be effective for FSS in children.

Key words: children, functional-somatic syndromes, somatization, cognitive–behavior therapy