ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 261-267.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.00261

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1中国科学院心理研究所, 北京100101) (2中国科学院大学, 北京100049) (3中国科学院行为科学重点实验室, 北京100101) (4 Department of Learning and Philosophy, Aalborg University, Denmark)
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-09 出版日期:2015-02-14 发布日期:2015-02-14
  • 通讯作者: 张兴利, E-mail:; 施建农, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


The Development of Fine Motor Skills and its Relation to Cognitive Development in Young Children

GENG Da1,2; ZHANG Xingli1,3; SHI Jiannong1,2,3,4   

  1. (1 Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China) (2 University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China) (3 Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China) (4 Department of Learning and Philosophy, Aalborg University, Denmark)
  • Received:2013-12-09 Online:2015-02-14 Published:2015-02-14
  • Contact: ZHANG Xingli, E-mail:; SHI Jiannong, E-mail:


精细动作技能指个体主要凭借手以及手指等部位的小肌肉或小肌肉群而产生的运动, 它可以为个体提供认知经验, 丰富认知对象, 进而促进个体对事物本质的认识。当个体需要将认知资源-注意在两个或多个任务之间进行分配时, 熟练的精细动作可以节省注意资源, 为高级的认知任务更好地服务; 精细动作与认知在发展中不断相互促进, 有些动作是某些认知习得或认知练习的先决条件; 精细动作技能可以预测小学低年级的学业成绩, 尤其是阅读和数学成绩。精细动作技能和认知发展的关系具有大脑神经发育基础, 它们在某种程度上共享相同的脑区, 如小脑和前额叶。因此, 某些认知损伤的病症可以通过精细动作的训练而得到改善和治疗。

关键词: 精细动作能力, 认知, 关系, 发展, 儿童


Fine motor skills refer to any movement where an individual uses the small muscles or muscle areas of the hands and fingers; these movements serve to development of muscle while also improving the cognitive recognition of the object. Automatic fine motor skills can save limited attention resources for advanced cognition tasks as required by an individual; in the development of fine motor skills and cognition, the two abilities interact, some motor skills are the prerequisite for some cognition and the practice of cognition. Fine motor skills also can predict the academic performance of young students. The two abilities are inter-related because they share common areas of the brain: the prefrontal lobe and the cerebellum. As a result, some cognition disorders could be treated through fine motor skill training and exercises.

Key words: fine motor skill, cognition, relation, development, children