ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (10): 1811-1820.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01811

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    


 李 静; 杨蕊蕊; 郭永玉   

  1.  (华中师范大学心理学院暨青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室, 人的发展与心理健康湖北省重点实验室, 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-10 出版日期:2017-10-15 发布日期:2017-08-13
  • 通讯作者: 郭永玉, E-mail: E-mail:E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

Is materialism all that bad? Challenges from empirical and conceptual research

 LI Jing; YANG Ruirui; GUO Yongyu   

  1.  (School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior, Ministry of Education, and Hubei Human Development and Mental Health Key Laboratory, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2017-01-10 Online:2017-10-15 Published:2017-08-13
  • Contact: GUO Yongyu, E-mail: E-mail:E-mail:
  • Supported by:

摘要:  物质主义指的是一种强调拥有物质财富对于个人生活重要性的价值观念。过往研究多强调其消极效应, 但此观点日益面临挑战。实证研究表明物质主义在某些条件下能提升幸福感, 也可以作为不安全感的补偿策略。在概念层面, 有研究者基于动机的视角指出工具性物质主义是无害的, 并且物质主义作为一种身份目标追求, 能够建构和维持自我身份。未来研究需进一步为动机取向的物质主义概念提供实证研究的支持、评估物质主义补偿不安全感和提升幸福感的效果、基于认知和动机的整合视角考察物质主义对幸福感的积极影响。

关键词:  物质主义, 幸福感, 不安全感, 工具性—终极性物质主义, 身份目标追求

Abstract:  Materialism refers to a personal value stressing the importance of owning material possessions for life. Most of previous literature focused on studying its negative effects, but this view has been increasingly challenged. The current empirical studies demonstrated that materialism could promote happiness under certain conditions, and could be used as a compensation strategy for personal sense of insecurity. From the motivation perspective some researchers pointed out that conceptually instrumental materialism could be benign, and materialism could be considered as identity goal pursuit for self-identity construction and maintenance as well. Future research may provide more empirical evidence for the motivation-based concepts of materialism, and evaluate the effectiveness of materialism for insecurity compensation and happiness promotion. Another direction for future research would be investigating the positive impact of materialism on well-being from an integration perspective of cognition and motivation.

Key words: materialism, happiness, insecurity, instrumental-terminal materialism, identity goal pursuits