ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 641-656.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2023.00641

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


刘文彬, 漆正堂, 刘微娜   

  1. 华东师范大学“青少年健康评价与运动干预”教育部重点实验室;; 华东师范大学体育与健康学院, 上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:2022-05-15 出版日期:2023-04-15 发布日期:2022-12-30
  • 通讯作者: 刘微娜, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(31871208); 上海市自然科学基金资助项目(18ZR1412000); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(40500-21203-542500/ 006/004); 华东师范大学2021年优秀博士生学术创新能力提升计划项目(YBNLTS2021-022)

The effects of different sensory functions on depression and its neuromechanism

LIU Wenbin, QI Zhengtang, LIU Weina   

  1. Key Laboratory of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention of Ministry of Education; School of Physical Education and Health Care, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2022-05-15 Online:2023-04-15 Published:2022-12-30

摘要: 大脑通过视觉、听觉、嗅觉、味觉和触觉等感官通道接收来自外界的信息。不同感觉功能受损涉及抑郁发生的中枢机制, 而基于不同感官通道进行适当刺激以及多感官联合干预也可能发挥显著的抑郁治疗作用。笔者以症状-脑区-机制-治疗为逻辑主线, 首次系统梳理了五种主要感觉障碍人群的抑郁临床症状、抑郁神经机制以及基于感觉刺激的抗抑郁治疗。结果表明, 不同感觉功能障碍对抑郁相关神经机制的影响可能表征了不同的抑郁病理, 涉及神经元电活动(某些神经元放电和神经环路激活等)和神经生化改变(神经可塑性和神经发生、炎症免疫和HPA轴、神经激素和神经递质等), 且主要发生在边缘系统及其附近脑区, 涉及岛叶、颞叶、额叶等。因此, 未来研究可聚焦于机体对不同感觉信息的提取, 这将为人类抑郁的病因和治疗提供新的研究视角。

关键词: 视觉, 听觉, 嗅觉, 味觉, 触觉, 抑郁

Abstract: The ancient term "sense" is one of the most important topics in psychology. The brain receives information from the outside world through the visual, auditory, olfactory, taste, and tactile sensory channels. Different senses form human cognition and experience by converting information from the real world into electrical signals that the brain can process. Sensory deprivation occurs when the amount of sensory stimuli that a person receives decreases or falls below a normal threshold, and this change becomes a risk factor for neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression. Therefore, different sensory impairments are involved in the central mechanism of depression, and appropriate stimulation based on different sensory channels and multi-sensory combined interventions may also play a significant role in its treatment. Among the effects of different sensory functions on mental health, depression has a greater proportion; however, the patient's disease type, age stage, gender difference (especially during pregnancy and postpartum period), and other factors can affect the susceptibility to depression. Yet, the sensory stimulation that the body receives is not “more is better”; excessive sensory stimulation will also lead to the imbalance of the body's sensory and emotional function, as blue light and noise over stimulation will induce depression. The appropriate sensory stimulation can be used as a "compensatory input" to effectively improve the symptoms and severity of depression.
Taking "symptoms-brain region-mechanism-treatment" as the logical thread, the author systematically reviewed the clinical symptoms of depression, the neural mechanisms of depression, and the antidepressant treatments based on sensory stimulation for the first time in persons with five major sensory disorders. The results show that different sensory dysfunctions in the neural mechanisms related to depression may represent the different pathologies of depression, involving neuronal electrical activity (firing of certain neurons and activation of neural circuits, etc.) and neural biochemical changes (neuroplasticity and neurogenesis, inflammatory immunity and HPA axis, neurohormones and neurotransmitters, etc.); these mainly occur in the limbic system (amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus, nucleus accumbens, cingulate gyrus, and olfactory bulb) and its adjacent brain regions (lateral habenula nucleus, nucleus of solitary tract, superior colliculus), which involve the insular lobe, temporal lobe, frontal lobe, etc. The review found that individualized visual cortex transcranial magnetic stimulation, visual art therapy, transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation, frequency conversion music therapy, olfactory-based deep brain stimulation, intranasal administration, psychological behavioral therapy based on sugar intake, massage therapy with music and fragrance, and reiki therapy had good curative effects and few side effects for the improvement of depression symptoms, and were appropriate for clinical application.
At present, the research on the relationship between sensory disorders as well as their treatment and neuropsychiatric diseases is still very immature, the research on the underlying mechanisms is still in the initial stage, and the development of relevant treatment methods is just beginning. There are still many problems that need to be clarified and solved. Future research should focus on the extraction of different sensory information, which will provide a new research perspective for the etiology and treatment of human depression. In the interdisciplinary context of physics, chemistry, psychology, biology and computer science, researchers should develop how to make reasonable assessments based on certain sensory parameters to assist the medical treatment of depression. For example, with the help of artificial intelligence technology, audio-visual sensory information will be digitized, more practical wearable devices will be invented, and virtual reality and augmented-reality technology will be accelerated to contribute to depression inquiry. In a word, the extraction of sensory information will help in the intervention and rehabilitation of mental diseases, and enable digital medicine, technological medicine, and precision medicine, to rewrite the model of traditional medical thinking, and promote humans into a new medical era.

Key words: visual, auditory, olfactory, taste, tactile, depression