ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (11): 1901-1910.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01901

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


陈思静(), 杨莎莎   

  1. 浙江科技学院经济与管理学院, 杭州 310023
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-17 出版日期:2020-11-15 发布日期:2020-09-23
  • 通讯作者: 陈思静
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金项目(71701185);浙江省软科学项目(2020C35020)

Motives of altruistic punishment

CHEN Sijing(), YANG Shasha   

  1. School of Economics and Management, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China
  • Received:2020-03-17 Online:2020-11-15 Published:2020-09-23
  • Contact: CHEN Sijing


社会规范的维系离不开对违规者实施的利他性惩罚, 然而, 从个体心理层面来看, 利他性惩罚的动机却并不是全然利他的。除了积极维护公平原则以外, 追求良好声誉、规避潜在损失或消除负性情绪也在不同程度上驱动了利他性惩罚。此外, 对惩罚成本数量和成本形式的敏感也表明基于成本-收益原则的策略性动机在驱动利他性惩罚中占据一席之地。进一步探索在利他性惩罚实施过程中不同动机之间的相互作用是未来的重要研究方向。

关键词: 利他性惩罚, 惩罚动机, 公平原则, 声誉, 惩罚成本


The altruistic punishment is proposed as an important mechanism for the existence of social norms. The motives for punishing altruistically, however, are not entirely altruistic from the individual perspective. In addition to maintaining the principle of fairness, the pursuit of a good reputation, the aversion of potential losses, or the elimination of negative emotions also drive, to varying degrees, altruistic punishment. In addition, the sensitivity to the amount and form of sanction costs also shows that strategic motivations based on the cost-benefit principle play a significant role in driving altruistic punishment. Further exploration of the interaction between different motivations in the implementation of altruistic punishment is an important issue that deserves more attention in the future research.

Key words: altruistic punishment, punishment motive, fairness principle, reputation, punishment cost