ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (2): 262-269.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00262

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

 阅读任务中无关言语效应的作用机制: 干扰基于内容还是过程?

 孟珠; 闫国利   

  1.  (天津师范大学心理与行为研究院, 天津 300074)
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-16 出版日期:2018-02-15 发布日期:2017-12-26
  • 通讯作者: 闫国利, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:
     教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(15JJD 190003)和天津师范大学2017年博士研究生学术新人项目(2017BSXR004)资助。

 Mechanism of the irrelevant speech effect in reading: Is the interference determined by content, or process?

 MENG Zhu; YAN Guoli   

  1.  (Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300074, China)
  • Received:2017-01-16 Online:2018-02-15 Published:2017-12-26
  • Contact: YAN Guoli, E-mail:
  • Supported by:

摘要:  无关言语效应是指视觉认知任务受到同时呈现的背景言语干扰的现象。阅读任务中无关言语效应作用机制的争论主要存在于内容干扰假说和过程干扰假说之间。两种假说的分歧主要涉及对无关言语特征、认知任务类型以及二者关系等三方面的理论认识。现有的实证研究普遍支持过程干扰假说。未来研究可从阅读任务中无关言语效应的影响因素、影响阶段以及结合脑成像和眼动追踪技术等方面来进行。

关键词: 无关言语效应, 阅读任务, 作用机制, 影响因素

Abstract:   The irrelevant speech effect (ISE) refers to the interferential performance in visual cognitive task when the background speech is presented at the same time. In the present paper, we first introduced two main theoretical accounts of the mechanism underlying ISE in reading: interference-by-content hypothesis and interference-by-process hypothesis. Then extant studies of ISE in reading were summarized and discussed over these two opposite hypotheses. Lastly, we proposed several issues which are worth to be focused in the future studies: a) what and how the relevant factors impact on ISE; b) the cognitive stages concerning ISE during reading; c) the application of new technologies including brain imaging technology and eye-tracking technology into studies of ISE in reading.

Key words: irrelevant speech effect, reading, mechanism accounts, influencing factors