ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (2): 230-236.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00230

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


钱浩悦; 朱 敏; 高湘萍   

  1. (上海师范大学教育学院心理系, 上海 200234)
  • 收稿日期:2016-02-07 出版日期:2017-02-15 发布日期:2017-02-15
  • 通讯作者: 高湘萍, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


Configural processing of faces in old adulthood

QIAN Haoyue; ZHU Min; GAO Xiangping   

  1. (Department of psychology, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China)
  • Received:2016-02-07 Online:2017-02-15 Published:2017-02-15
  • Contact: GAO Xiangping, E-mail:


面孔构形是指面孔的空间结构关系。构形信息加工对老年人的面孔识别影响深刻。近10年, 学者们对老年人在不同认知加工阶段及不同类别信息识别上的面孔构形加工表现开展了大量研究。研究显示, 老年人对面孔构形的知觉敏感性下降, 但存储、提取能力保持较好, 编码特点尚不明确; 对横向面孔构形信息加工能力减弱, 对其它类别构形信息的加工特点尚不明确。未来除需深入探究老年人面孔构形加工特点及成因外, 还应注重相关干预研究。

关键词: 老年人, 面孔识别, 构形加工


Face configuration refers to spatial relations between facial features. Previous studies have shown that the ability of face recognition in older adults is influenced by their performance in face configural processing. This paper reviews the advances in studies of age-related changes in configural face processing over the past decade. We found that researchers were mainly interested in performance at different configural processing stages and processing characteristics of different types of configural information in older adults. The consistent findings indicated that in spite of a decrease in perceptual sensitivity to configural information of faces, and that the ability to process horizontal configural information is weakened, older adults have maintained an intact ability to store and retrieve these information. However, there are still some controversies about how older adults process configural information of faces at the coding stage and whether they hold intact ability to process first-order, second-order, and vertical configural information. Future studies should find out the behavioral and neural mechanisms underlying configural processing of faces in old adults. Furthermore, it is also necessary to explore how configural processing of faces affecting older adults’ recognition of emotional and social information conveyed by faces and to develop interventions to improve their performance of configural processing in daily life.

Key words: older adults, face recognition, configural processing