ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (8): 1266-1278.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01266

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (北京师范大学心理学院, 应用实验心理北京市重点实验室, 北京 100875)
  • 收稿日期:2015-09-23 出版日期:2016-08-15 发布日期:2016-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 蒋奖, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


The antecedents, measures and interventions of adolescents’ materialism

JIANG Jiang; ZENG Taoran; YANG Qiyue; YU Fangjing   

  1. (Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
  • Received:2015-09-23 Online:2016-08-15 Published:2016-08-15
  • Contact: JIANG Jiang, E-mail:


物质主义是一种看重个体所拥有的财物的价值观。本文回顾了青少年物质主义的成因、测量与干预方法。青少年物质主义价值观的形成主要受家庭、同伴和媒体等因素的影响。常用的测量方法包含青少年物质主义量表、物质主义价值观量表—儿童版以及消费者卷入度等自陈量表, 操作性测量工具——拼贴画, 以及想象、观看社会榜样视频等启动青少年物质主义的方法。干预活动主要通过家庭、学校、媒体和社会等渠道展开。未来研究值得关注下述两点, 一是从新角度考察环境对青少年物质主义价值观的影响; 二是开展本土化的青少年物质主义研究。

关键词: 物质主义, 青少年, 家庭, 同伴, 媒体, 测量, 干预


Materialism refers to a value that emphasizes the importance of material possessions. Current article reviewed the antecedents, measures and interventions about adolescents’ materialism. First, previous research has shown that adolescents’ materialism is mainly influenced by the factors from three sources: family, peer, and mass media. Second, the Youth Materialism Scale, the Material Value Scale for children and the Consumer Involvement are three self-report scales that are widely used in the surveys related to adolescents’ materialism. Moreover, collage, imagination as well as social model video are popular paradigms in the experiments of adolescents’ materialism. Third, family, school, media and government play different roles in intervening adolescents’ materialism. Finally, this review outlined some directions for future research: a) examining the environmental effects on the formation and development of adolescents’ materialism; b) exploring adolescents’ materialism under the Chinese context.

Key words: materialism, adolescent, family, peer, media, measure, intervention