ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (4): 547-555.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00547

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


杨周1,2;Todd Jackson1;陈红1;黄承志2;苏琳1;高婷3   

  1. (1西南大学心理学部, 重庆 400715) (2西南大学化学化工学院, 重庆 400715) (3陕西中医药大学附属医院, 咸阳 712000)
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-15 出版日期:2016-04-15 发布日期:2016-04-15
  • 通讯作者: Todd Jackson, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(31371037); 重庆市项目博士后资助(Xm2015102)。

The attention bias related to fear of pain and its modification

YANG Zhou1,2; JACKSON Todd1; CHEN Hong1; HUANG Cheng-zhi2; SU Lin1; GAO Ting3   

  1. (1 Faculty of psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
    School of Chemistry and Engineering, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
    Shaanxi university of traditional Chinese medicine hospital, Shaanxi 712000, China)
  • Received:2015-10-15 Online:2016-04-15 Published:2016-04-15
  • Contact: Todd Jackson, E-mail:


疼痛恐惧是影响和维持慢性痛的重要因素。不同材料和被试类型情况下, 疼痛恐惧均主要作用于个体对疼痛相关信息的早期注意加工阶段, 表现为注意警觉模式。该注意模式使个体将注意维持在疼痛上, 从而干扰了对非疼信息的注意能力。矫正疼痛恐惧相关注意偏向可以改善疼痛体验。未来研究应采用更具生态效度的任务测量疼痛恐惧相关的注意偏向及其神经基础, 进一步考察矫正疼痛恐惧相关注意偏向能否改善慢痛患者的忧郁和功能丧失等问题。

关键词: 疼痛恐惧, 慢性痛, 注意警觉, 注意偏向矫正


Fear of pain plays a crucial role in the development and maintenance of chronic pain. Fear of pain appears to have a key role in early stage of attention processing towards pain-related information across different types of stimuli and groups. Considerable evidence indicates associated attention biases reflect hypervigilance that may contribute to perpetuating the focus on pain and interfere with the capacity to attend to non-painful experiences. Modifying attention biases related to fear of pain has the potential to improve pain experience. Future research should use tasks with more ecological validity to investigate information- processing related to fear of pain and its neural substrates. In addition, more research is needed to explore how effective different attention modification strategies are in reducing distress and disability among chronic pain patients.