ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (11): 2020-2028.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.02020

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    



  1. (南京师范大学心理学院, 南京 210097)
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-19 出版日期:2015-11-15 发布日期:2015-11-15
  • 通讯作者: 刘超,E-mail:

On Laughter of Human Beings: From the Perspectives of Evolution and Social Interaction

LIU Chao   

  1. (School of Psychology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China)
  • Received:2014-12-19 Online:2015-11-15 Published:2015-11-15
  • Contact: LIU Chao,E-mail:


笑是人类社会中一种重要的沟通信号。对笑的研究视角主要有进化论与社会互动论。从进化的视角看, 笑提高婴儿的生存几率, 增强成人性吸引力, 且有助于个体的身心健康; 从社会互动的视角看, 笑帮助人们控制攻击行为, 增进合作行为, 促进良好人际关系的形成。未来研究需要有效区分笑与幽默, 加强笑的脑机制研究, 探讨笑的跨文化一致性与差异性, 开展笑的应用研究与科际合作。

关键词: 笑, 脑机制, 进化, 社会互动, 幽默


Laughter is an important communicative signal in human society. Researches on laughter focused on the fields of evolution and social interaction. From the viewpoint of evolution, laughter can help infant survive and improve adults’ sexual attraction. Meanwhile, it contributes to one’s physical and psychological health. From the perspective of social interaction, laughter can help human beings control aggression, enhance cooperation and promote favorable interpersonal relationship. Future studies should effectively distinguish laughter from humor, concentrate more on the cerebral mechanism of laughter, explore cross-cultural consistency and differences on laughter, and look into applied research and interdisciplinary cooperation.

Key words: laughter, cerebral mechanism, evolution, social interaction, humor