ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 418-421.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00418

• 研究简报 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1清华大学心理学系, 北京 100084) (2 Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA)
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-01 出版日期:2014-03-15 发布日期:2014-03-15
  • 通讯作者: 彭凯平

Chinese People’s Implicit Dialectical Self: Results Base on IAT Measure

BAI Yang;PENG Kaiping;YU Feng   

  1. (1 Department of Psychology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China) (2 Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA)
  • Received:2013-07-01 Online:2014-03-15 Published:2014-03-15
  • Contact: PENG Kaiping


作为一种文化构念, 朴素辩证从文化与认知的角度诠释了中国人基于民众理论的思维方式。本研究首次采用内隐联想测验(IAT)的方法测量内隐层面朴素辩证概念与自我以及自我相近概念在东方被试认知中的联结, 探讨东方人内隐层面的辩证自我。文章通过2个IAT实验发现, 中国人将“我”和辩证思维词汇归为一类, 将“非我”和线性思维归为一类时反应速度更快; 且他们将“朋友”和辩证思维词汇归为一类, 将“敌人”和线性思维词汇归为一类时反应速度更快。这表明在内隐层面上, 东方人确实将辩证概念与自我以及自我相近概念联系得更为紧密。

关键词: 朴素辩证, 内隐联想测验, 自我, 文化, 思维方式


Dialecticism refers to a set of folk knowledge maintained in Eastern Asian people’s ideology characterized by holistic cognition, change expectation and contradiction tolerance. In this paper, we developed an implicit measure of dialecticism to test how dialectical concept was linked with Eastern Asian participants’ self-concept. In two studies, we found that Chinese participants associated “dialectical” words with “self” words and “non-dialectical” words with “other” words significantly faster than the opposite association. Furthermore, they associate “friend” words with “dialectical” words and “enemy” words with “non-dialectical” words with faster response. These results demonstrated that Eastern Asian participants would more likely to link self-concept together with dialectical concepts.

Key words: naïve dialecticism, implicit association test, self, culture, thinking style