ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (8): 1466-1472.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.01466

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (北京师范大学心理学院, 北京 100875)
  • 收稿日期:2013-03-12 出版日期:2013-08-15 发布日期:2013-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 刘翔平
  • 基金资助:

    北京市委托课题《中小学教师心理健康教育与评估系统的研究与应用》, 国家科技支撑计划项目(项目号:2012BAI36B03)和尚善基金的资助。

The Application of Loving-kindness Meditation from Psychological Perspective

ZENG Xianglong;LIU Shuangyang;LIU Xiangping   

  1. (School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
  • Received:2013-03-12 Online:2013-08-15 Published:2013-08-15
  • Contact: LIU Xiangping

摘要: 随着正念在西方心理学界的流行, 慈心禅作为另一种颇具应用潜力的传统佛教禅修方式, 正受到越来越多心理学家的关注。系统的慈心禅训练可以培养积极情绪、缓解消极的情绪反应, 而即时的慈心禅练习也可以作为一种情绪调节策略。慈心禅可有效提升自我同情, 培养对他人的共情能力和积极态度, 此外还可辅助某些疾病的治疗。除进一步深入已有方向, 未来研究可更多借鉴佛教视角提出新课题, 如对慈心进行有效测量, 探索慈心禅所诱发情绪的特殊性质, 干预愤怒、嫉妒等负性情绪并探索慈心禅的应用方式与条件等。

关键词: 慈心禅, 情绪调节, 自悯, 正念, 佛教

Abstract: With the popularity of mindfulness in western psychology, loving-kindness meditation (LKM), as another traditional Buddhist meditation, is receiving increasing attention among psychologists. Systematic practice of LKM can foster positive emotions and discharge negative emotional reactions, while constant practice of LKM can be utilized as a strategy of emotional regulation. LKM can enhance levels of self-compassion and also cultivate empathy and positive interpersonal relationships. It can also assist in the treatments of some diseases as well. In addition to deepening the existing research directions, future research can propose new directions from the perspective of Buddhism such as effective measurement of loving kindness, exploration of the peculiar qualities of emotions evoked by LKM, intervention of negative emotions like anger and jealousy, the approaches and conditions of the application of LKM.

Key words: loving-kindness meditation, emotional regulation, self-compassion, mindfulness, Buddhism