ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

Acta Psychologica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (7): 828-849.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2022.00828

• Reports of Empirical Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The reciprocal relationship between peer victimization and internalizing problems in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies

LIAO Youguo1,2, CHEN Jianwen2(), ZHANG Yan2, PENG Cong2   

  1. 1School of Teacher Education, Minjiang University, Fuzhou, 350108, China
    2Institute of Educational Science, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China
  • Received:2021-04-06 Published:2022-07-25 Online:2022-05-19
  • Contact: CHEN Jianwen
  • Supported by:
    basic theory research project of philosophy and Social Sciences discipline under the guidance of Marxism in colleges and universities in Fujian Province(JSZM2020061);youth project of social science planning in Fujian Province(FJ2020C027)


The purpose of this study was to explore the longitudinal relationship between peer victimization and internalizing problems in children and adolescents, and to test the applicability of interpersonal risk model, symptom-driven model and interaction model. A total of 89 articles were included, including 99 independent effects, involving 70,598 subjects. The results of random effects model analysis showed that peer victimization can predict internalizing problems (β = 0.097, 95% CI [0.083, 0.110]), and internalizing problems can also predict peer victimization (β = 0.119, 95% CI [0.104, 0.135]), results support the interaction model of peer victimization and internalizing problems. Among the predictors of internalizing problems, age and type of victimization had moderating effects, measurement interval, type of victimization, assessment method and type of problems played a moderating role in the prediction of internalizing problems to peer victimization, and neither Chinese nor Western culture type played a moderating role in the interaction model, all the moderating factors played similar roles in the bidirectional relationship between peer victimization and its subtypes of overt victimization, relational victimization and internalizing problems.

Key words: children and adolescents, peer victimization, internalizing problems, longitudinal study, meta-analysis