ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

Acta Psychologica Sinica ›› 2024, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (9): 1252-1265.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2024.01252

• Special Issue on Prosocial Behavior (Part Ⅰ) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Network analysis and core dimensions of adolescent prosocial behavior

LIN Jing1, XU Boya1, YANG Ying2, ZHANG Qing-peng3, KOU Yu1()   

  1. 1Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Psychology Education (Beijing Normal University), Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2Shanghai Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Psychological Crisis Intervention, School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3Department of Sociology, School of Public Administration, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Published:2024-09-25 Online:2024-06-25
  • Contact: KOU Yu, E-mail:


Previous studies have discovered that the concept of prosocial behavior among adolescents is composed of four dimensions: commonweal-social rule, altruism, relationship, and personal trait. Our study explored the network structure of prosocial behavior among Chinese adolescents (from upper primary to high school, N = 9160) based on four dimensions and 15 items. In the overall network of adolescent prosocial behavior, as well as in the grade- and gender-based networks, the commonweal-social rule dimension consistently exhibited the highest centrality, followed by altruism, relationship, and traits dimensions. Network comparison results showed that as for the network structure, no differences were found in the gender-based dimension networks. However, differences were identified in the grade-based dimension networks, with high school students exhibiting significantly weaker network strength than middle and primary school students. These results provide a new perspective for deepening our understanding of adolescent prosocial behavior and expanding the research domain of prosocial behavior. These findings suggest that future interventions targeting the commonweal-social rule and altruism dimensions could potentially boost overall prosocial behavior in adolescents. The middle school stage may be a critical period for promoting commonweal-social rule prosocial behavior.

Key words: adolescent, prosocial behavior, network analysis, network comparison, core dimension