ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

Acta Psychologica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (3): 300-312.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2022.00300

• Reports of Empirical Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Indulge in self-admiration or offer help to others? The influence of employee narcissism on prosocial behavior

LIU WenXing1, ZHU YangHao1, BAI Yang2(), WANG HaiJiang3, HAN Yi1   

  1. 1School of Business Administration, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China
    2Guanghua School of Management, Peking University, Beijing 100080, China
    3School of Management, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2021-05-07 Published:2022-03-25 Online:2022-01-25
  • Contact: BAI Yang
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(72172157);National Natural Science Foundation of China(72132001);National Natural Science Foundation of China(72071086);National Natural Science Foundation of China(71972181)


By integrating the narcissistic admiration and rivalry concept and trait activation theory, this study explores the mechanism of narcissistic admiration and narcissistic rivalry on employees? prosocial behavior, and further analyzes the mediating role of employee relational approach motivation and relational avoidance motivation, and the moderating role of task interdependence. Through the analysis of 235 data from two-stage of paired employees and colleagues, the results show that: narcissistic admiration has a significant positive impact on employees? prosocial behavior, while narcissistic rivalry has a significant negative impact on employees? prosocial behavior. Relational approach motivation plays a mediating role between narcissism admiration and employees’ prosocial behavior, while relational avoidance motivation does not play a mediating role between narcissistic rivalry and employees’ prosocial behavior. Task interdependence not only positively moderates the direct effect of narcissism admiration on employees’ relational approach motivation, but also positively moderates the indirect effect of narcissism admiration on prosocial behavior through relational approach motivation.

Key words: narcissistic admiration, narcissistic rivalry, relational approach motivation, relational avoidance motivation, prosocial behavior, task interdependence