ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (03): 260-267.

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婴幼儿消极行为特征与影响母亲抚养困难的因素

董奇;夏勇;王耘;方晓义   

  1. 北京师范大学发展心理研究所!北京,100875,北京师范大学发展心理研究所!北京,100875,北京师范大学发展心理研究所!北京,100875,北京师范大学发展心理研究所!北京,100875
  • 出版日期:1996-09-25 发布日期:1996-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 董奇

INFANTS' AND YOUNG CHILDREN'S NEGATIVE BEHAVIORAL CHARACTERISTICS AND FACTORS INFLUENCING MOTHERS' PARENTING DIFFICULTIES

Dong Qi Xia Yong Wang Yun Fang Xiaoyi (Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Nomal University, Beijing, 100875)   

  • Online:1996-09-25 Published:1996-09-25

摘要: 以572名1-6岁儿童的母亲为研究对象,探讨了婴幼儿消极行为特征在各年龄组的分布、与母亲抚养困难的关系,并考察了在儿童消极行为较多情况下,与母亲抚养困难有关联的若干因素。结果表明;1.儿童消极行为特征的分布在各年龄组水平上是相似的。2.儿童的消极行为特征与母亲的抚养困难有显著的正相关。3.在儿童消极行为较多的情况下,母亲的职业、文化程度、生产年龄、婚姻关系及获得社会支持的程度等因素与母亲抚养困难有密切的关系。

关键词: 母亲, 抚养困难, 儿童, 消极行为特征

Abstract: This investigation examined the relationship between infants' and young children's negative behavioral characteristics and their mothers' parenting diffi-culties, and the mediating factors influencing parenting difficulties of mothers whose young children have more negative behaviors. 572 mothers of children in the 1-6-year-old age range were asked to fill out Parenting difficulties Scale (for mothers), Early Behavioral Characteristics Scale and Family Relationship Questionnaire, and report on the general demographic information about their families. Results indicated: (a) The pattern of the distribution of children's negative behavioral characteristics was similar at each age level;(b) Mothers' parenting difficulties were positively and significantly related to their children's negative behavioral characteristics; (c)Mothers' age at the birth.of their child, educational level, occupation, quality of marital relationship, and perceived social support were found to be important factors mediating the parenting difficulties of mothers of children with more negative behavioral characteristics.

Key words: mother, parenting difficulties, child, negative behavioral characteristics