ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (5): 656-665.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00656

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

认知分心的强度对创伤性信息加工的影响

窦伟伟;郑希付;杨慧芳;王俊芳;李悦;俄小天;陈倩倩   

  1. (1华南师范大学心理应用研究中心, 广州 510631) (2东莞市光正实验学校, 东莞 523378) (3湛江师范学院教育科学学院, 湛江 524048)
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-26 出版日期:2014-05-24 发布日期:2014-05-24
  • 通讯作者: 郑希付
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(31371057)、“幸福广州心理服务与辅导基地”项目资助。

The Effect of Cognitive Distraction’s Intensity on the Process of Trauma-related Information: Evidence from ERP

DOU Weiwei;ZHENG Xifu;YANG Huifang;WANG Junfang;LI Yue;E Xiaotian;Chen Qianqian   

  1. (1 Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China) (2 Guangzheng Preparatory School, Dongguan 523378, China) (3 Zhanjiang Normal University, Zhanjiang 524048, China)
  • Received:2012-12-26 Online:2014-05-24 Published:2014-05-24
  • Contact: ZHENG Xifu

摘要:

结合ERP技术、创伤电影范式和改进的工作记忆范式探讨了认知分心的强度对创伤性信息加工的影响。结果发现, (1)高负荷上的N2波幅显著大于低负荷上的。(2)在低工作记忆负荷上, 创伤负性图引发的LPP波幅显著大于创伤中性图和无关中性图; 而在高工作记忆负荷上, 三类图片引发的LPP波之间差异不再显著。(3)在创伤负性图上高、低负荷工作记忆任务诱发的LPP波差异显著, 且高负荷条件下的LPP波幅显著小于低负荷条件。结果表明, 相比低认知控制, 早期高认知控制对创伤性信息的调节更有效, 支持了认知控制理论。

关键词: 认知分心, LPP, 背外侧前额叶皮层(DLPFC), N2, 认知控制

Abstract:

The visual-spatial resource competition theory suggests that the frequency of flashback could be reduced, when a visual task competes with trauma-related negative pictures for the limited space resources. However, the cognitive control theory hold the view that the central executive control system, as the core of the working memory system, compete with trauma-related negative images for the cognitive control ability. And this ability can be reflected by intense cognitive distraction tasks, indexed by N2 and the late positive potential (LPP) at the neural level. However, it is unclear how the intensity of cognitive distraction modulates the neural processing of the trauma-related information. The present event-related potentials (ERP) study used the traumatic film paradigm and improved working memory paradigm to investigate the effect of cognitive distraction’s intensity on the process of trauma-related information. Two parts consisted of the experiment: watching the traumatic film and completing working memory task. Before and after watching the traumatic film, 22 Participants completed PANAS, but the STAI scale was used only before the film. During the working memory task, participants were told to perform a task which requiring to memorize letters at the beginning. Each trial began with a two- or six-letter string presented on a black background for 5, 000 ms. Next, a white fixation cross appeared for 500~1, 000 ms, followed by a trauma-related picture or a unrelated neutral picture in random order for 2,000 ms. Then, the words ‘what were the letters?’ were presented on the screen. In the following, participants pressed the key of ‘Enter’ and typed the letters in the black empty screen in the order they had memorized them. Participants could use the backspace key to correct mistakes. The trial ended when participants pressed the enter key again when they finished typing letters. The trial interval varied randomly from 2,000 to 2,500 ms, during which a white fixation cross was presented on a black background. The EEG was recorded while the picture appeared. Participants then completed PANAS again after the working memory task. The results showed that: (1) the amplitudes of N2 to the high-load task were significantly larger than those of low-load task; (2) the amplitudes of LPP for trauma-related negative pictures were larger than trauma-related neutral and unrelated neutral pictures in the low-load task, whereas there were no significant differences among the three kinds of pictures in the high-load task; (3) for the trauma-related negative pictures, LPP activity was significantly greater to the high-load task than the low-load task. The results of the present study indicated that the cognitive distraction of the high-load task had a stronger modulation to trauma-related information. This provided support for the cognitive control theory.

Key words: cognitive distraction, Late positive potential (LPP), DLPFC, N2, cognitive control