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心理学报
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情绪标注对负性情绪的抑制:来自自主神经活动的证据
白学军;岳鹏飞
(天津师范大学心理与行为研究院, 天津 300074)
Affect Labeling can Reduce Negative Emotions: Evidences from Autonomic Nervous Activity
BAI Xuejun;YUE Pengfei
(Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 30074, China)
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摘要 在情绪标注的研究中, 存在着情绪标注是增强还是抑制负性情绪以及非情绪标注能否抑制负性情绪的争论。研究选择负性情绪面孔和图片为实验材料, 以女大学生为被试, 采用了16导生理记录仪记录其完成任务时皮电、指温和指脉率上的变化。实验1以负性情绪面孔为材料, 采用经典范式试图验证以往研究结果。实验2采用负性情绪图片为材料, 探讨了情绪标注和非情绪标注对负性情绪的抑制作用。结果发现:(1)在情绪标注条件下被试的指脉率比情绪匹配条件下的更低; 性别标注(即非情绪标注)条件下被试的指脉率与性别匹配条件下的差异不显著; (2)在情绪标注条件下被试的指温比自然或人工标注条件(即非情绪标注)下的更高。研究结果表明, 情绪标注可以抑制负性情绪, 而非情绪标注则不能抑制负性情绪。
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白学军
岳鹏飞
关键词 情绪标注自主神经活动情绪调节    
Abstract:In this study of affect labeling there are two main questions. The first one is whether affect labeling will enhance or reduce the negative emotion of subjects, especially for Chinese subjects using Chinese characters. The second one is whether using words to describe the non-emotional aspects of the negative faces or pictures will reduce the emotion or not. To test these questions, we conducted two experiments. In the first experiment, 30 female university students participated. The pictures of negative faces (fear and anger) were used as materials and physiological responses, including finger temperature, skin conductance, and finger pulse, were recorded using BiopacMP150 under affect-labeling, affect-matching, gender-labeling, gender-matching, and shape-matching conditions. In the second experiment 28 female university students participated. The pictures of negative scenes were used as materials and the same physiological responses as in the first experiment were recorded using BiopacMP150 under affect-labeling, artificial vs. natural labeling, picture-matching, and shape-matching conditions. The results showed that in the first experiment, the finger pulse rates were lower in the affect labeling condition than in the affect-matching condition, but there were no differences in finger pulse rate between the gender-labeling and the picture-matching condition. In the second experiment, the finger temperatures were lower in the affect-matching condition than in the affect-labeling condition, and they were also lower in the artificial vs. natural labeling condition than in the affect-labeling condition. There were no differences in finger temperatures between the artificial or natural labeling condition and picture-matching condition. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that affect labeling can reduce the activity of the autonomic nervous system, but that gender labeling and artificial or natural labeling cannot reduce the activity of the autonomic nervous system.
Key wordsaffect labeling    autonomic nervous activity    emotion regulation
收稿日期: 2012-10-19      出版日期: 2013-07-25
基金资助:

天津市科技计划项目“天津市民心理健康素质监测系统开发” (12ZCZDSF07100)的资助。

通讯作者: 白学军;岳鹏飞   
引用本文:   
白学军;岳鹏飞. 情绪标注对负性情绪的抑制:来自自主神经活动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.00715.
BAI Xuejun;YUE Pengfei. Affect Labeling can Reduce Negative Emotions: Evidences from Autonomic Nervous Activity. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(7): 715-724.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.00715      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2013/V45/I7/715
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