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Advances in Psychological Science    2013, Vol. 21 Issue (7) : 1141-1149     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.01141
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Cognitive Psychological Process and Model of Pedestrian’s Road Crossing Behavior
WU Changxu;MA Shu;ZHUANG Xiangling
(1 Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China) (2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
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Abstract  Pedestrian safety has been a worldwide safety problem, especially in developing countries like China. This paper reviewed the cognitive process of pedestrians’ road crossing behaviors: the cognitive input process of observation and perception; and the judgment and decision making processes. The former is about the content of observation, the strategies utilized, and also the situations when people get wrong perception due to deficiency in attention resources. The latter process was related to theories about the underlying mental mechanism of decision making: the Utility based theory, and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Gap Acceptance Theory was also introduced to account for pedestrian behaviors that were not controlled by signal lights, with red light running as a typical behavior that was influenced by both personal and contextual factors. Based on these findings from literature, a conceptual cognitive model for pedestrian road crossing behavior was proposed. It is expected that the model can facilitate future pedestrian crossing behavior research and improve pedestrian safety.
Keywords pedestrian      crossing behavior safety      cognitive psychology      model     
Corresponding Authors: WU Changxu   
Issue Date: 15 July 2013
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WU Changxu
MA Shu
ZHUANG Xiangling
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WU Changxu,MA Shu,ZHUANG Xiangling. Cognitive Psychological Process and Model of Pedestrian’s Road Crossing Behavior[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(7): 1141-1149.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.01141     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2013/V21/I7/1141
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