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Advances in Psychological Science    2015, Vol. 23 Issue (8) : 1348-1360     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01348
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The Nonvisual Effect of Lighting and Its Neural Mechanism
ZHU Yingying1; RU Taotao1; ZHOU Guofu1,2
(1 School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China)
(2 South China Academy of Advanced Optoelectronics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China)
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Abstract  

Lighting is playing a crucial role in people’s daily life. It not only provides us with the basic visual effects such as perceiving the objects’ color and size, distinguishing directions, but also has a significant impact on psycho-physiological activities. A growing number of studies have found that lighting, especially the bright light or light with high correlated color temperature, could significantly decrease sleepiness and enhance subjective alertness by suppressing melatonin secretion. Otherwise, lighting plays a positive role in regulating circadian rhythms so as to keep individuals’ normal activities. Additionally, previous findings indicated that exposure to bright light could improve cognitive performance, relieve seasonal affective disorders (SAD) and even to some extent had a beneficial influence on some social behaviors like altruistic behavior. Both these direct and indirect influences of lighting on physiological and psychological activities mentioned above were all regarded as nonvisual effect of lighting. In recent years, the nonvisual effect of lighting and its brain mechanisms has been attracting much more attention and yielded plenty of valuable results. Future research should focus on the construction of structural equation modeling and the utilization of dynamic lighting to further explore the nonvisual effect of lighting.

Keywords lighting      nonvisual effect      brain mechanism      model construction      dynamic lighting     
Corresponding Authors: ZHOU Guofu, E-mail: zhougf@scnu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 August 2015
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ZHU Yingying,RU Taotao,ZHOU Guofu. The Nonvisual Effect of Lighting and Its Neural Mechanism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(8): 1348-1360.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01348     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2015/V23/I8/1348
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