ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (6): 801-810.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2020.00801

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    

有志者, 事竟成:内在动机倾向、创意质量与创意实施

董念念1, 王雪莉2()   

  1. 1 北京科技大学东凌经济管理学院, 北京 100083
    2 清华大学经济管理学院, 北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-25 出版日期:2020-06-25 发布日期:2020-04-22
  • 通讯作者: 王雪莉 E-mail:wangxl@sem.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 中央高校基本科研业务费(FRF-TP-19-063A1);国家自然科学基金创新群体项目(71421061)

Where there's a will, there's a way: Intrinsic motivational orientation, idea quality, and idea implementation

DONG Niannian1, WANG Xueli2()   

  1. 1 Donlinks School of Economics and Management, University of Science & Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
    2 School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2019-04-25 Online:2020-06-25 Published:2020-04-22
  • Contact: WANG Xueli E-mail:wangxl@sem.tsinghua.edu.cn

摘要:

本研究基于自我决定理论和耶鲁态度改变理论, 以创意提出者的内在动机倾向为起点, 探索其对创意质量的影响, 创意质量和创意提出者所获奖励进一步影响了创意实施, 纵向追踪创意从提出到实施的创新历程。针对251份多时点、多来源配对数据的分析结果表明:(1)创意提出者的内在动机倾向积极预测创意质量; (2)创意质量对创意实施有显著的正向影响; (3)创意提出者所获奖励积极预测创意实施; (4)创意质量和创意提出者所获奖励交互影响创意实施:对于低奖励的创意提出者而言, 创意质量对创意实施的正向影响更加强烈。以上研究发现弥合了创造力领域和创意实施领域的理论分野, 对企业创新管理实践有较强的启发。

关键词: 内在动机倾向, 创意质量, 创意实施, 奖励

Abstract:

The innovation process can be conceptualized as encompassing two stages: idea generation and idea implementation. However, to date, more early research has been focused on the idea generation stage, and these two subfields still remain stubbornly disconnected from one another. To integrate these two disparate subfields and advance our comprehensive understanding of the innovation process, the current study relied on self-determination theory and Yale attitude change approach to examine the effect of intrinsic motivational orientation of idea generators on idea quality, and further tested the effect of idea quality, rewards of the idea generators, and their interaction on idea implementation.

To test the hypotheses in the proposed model, we collected data from 251 idea generators, 7 idea evaluators and the manager of an innovative proposal project at 3 different time points in a large financial company. In the first wave, 440 ideas proposed by 440 idea generators were recorded. In the second wave, all of the idea generators were invited to complete a questionnaire, including demographic information and intrinsic motivational orientation, and the number of valid questionnaires was 251; moreover, 7 in-house experts assessed the idea generators and the quality of each idea. Approximately six months later, the manager of this project reported the implementation degree of all of the ideas. Our hypotheses were examined using SPSS 22.0.

By analyzing the multi-time and multi-source data, it was found in this study that: (1) intrinsic motivational orientation of the idea generators has a significantly positive effect on idea quality; (2) idea quality further facilitates idea implementation; (3) rewards of the idea generators positively influence idea implementation; and (4) idea quality and rewards of the idea generators interact to predict idea implementation.

The findings presented here contribute to innovation literature in the following ways. First, this study tracks the innovation process from idea generation to idea implementation, bridging the theoretical divide between creativity research and idea implementation research. Second, this study clarifies the positive effect of intrinsic motivational orientation on idea quality, which is a beneficial supplement to, and promotion of the existing research on the relationship between intrinsic motivation and creativity. Third, Yale attitude change theory is introduced into idea implementation research, which not only expands the application scope of this theory, but also enriches theoretical perspectives of idea implementation research.

Key words: intrinsic motivational orientation, idea quality, idea implementation, rewards

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