ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (6): 746-756.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.00746

• 论文 • 上一篇    


黎晓丹1 ;杜建政2; 叶浩生2   

  1. (1广州大学教育学院, 广州 510006) (2广州大学心理与脑科学研究中心, 广州 510006)
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-05 发布日期:2016-06-25 出版日期:2016-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 叶浩生, E-mail:; 杜建政, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    打造“理论粤军”2013 年度重大资助项目(LLYJ1323)。

Bidirectionality metaphorical effect of Chinese ritual culture: Contractive postures make people humble

LI Xiaodan1; DU Jianzheng2; YE Haosheng2   

  1. (1 Education School of Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China) (2 The Center for the Psychology and Brain Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China)
  • Received:2015-06-05 Online:2016-06-25 Published:2016-06-25
  • Contact: YE Haosheng, E-mail:; DU Jianzheng, E-mail:


中国礼文化蕴含着丰富的隐喻机制, 其中蜷缩的身体动作如弯腰、俯视、跪是与高社会地位群体社交的常用姿势。通过3个社会情境实验考察身体蜷缩程度与社会地位的隐喻效应。实验1显示与扩张姿势相比, 保持蜷缩姿势的被试对被评价对象的社会地位评分更高。实验2控制被试的社交对象, 发现与低社会地位人物相比, 被试与高社会地位人物社交时身体蜷缩程度更大。实验3同时控制被试的身体姿势与视角空间, 结果是跪姿被试比坐姿被试对被评价对象的社会地位评分更高, 俯视被试比仰视被试对被评价对象的认同度更高。以上结果可证明中国礼文化中蜷缩身体姿势与社会地位的双向隐喻效应, 同时, 身体与空间的双重隐喻启动时其联结效应独立产生作用。

关键词: 中国礼文化, 具身认知, 身体隐喻, 空间隐喻, 社会情境


Ritual is an important social interaction tool for human in their everyday experience. Most of ritual and religions have metaphorical implications about postures, space and sociocultural status of individuals. The bodies connect with environment meaningfully when people are performing the ritual. Chinese Ritual was a system about righteousness, love, rule, power. Ritual is an important part of Chinese culture, no matter in the ancient China or modern China society. The main parts of ancient Chinese ritual contained specification of body perception, language, clothing, eating utensils which accorded with social status and kinship. From a perspective of embodiment, the ritual of Confucianism was a interpersonal communication system included body metaphors and spatial metaphors. To investigate the embodiment of some characteristic metaphors in Chinese ritual culture, we studied the bidirectionality metaphorical effect of the humble postures such as kneel, bow, look down and status’ estimate by means of three scenario–based experiments. The setting of experiment 1 was user acceptance testing of furniture. The participants were asked to keep a contractive posture or a expansively posture to watch an interview video and scored the status and acceptance of the interviewed person by a 6 point scale from 1(very low) to 6(very high). The retrorse effect of experiment 1 was examined in experiment 2 by ecological design paradigm. Participants were instructed to call a person of high status(headmaster) and a person of low status(student). The dependent variables of experiment 2 was the change in body movement of participants. The same setting with experiment 1 was used in experiment 3, except the independent variables were the posture of kneeling or sitting comfortably and looking down or looking up. The dependent variables were scoring the status and acceptance of the interviewed person by a 6 point scale as experiment 1. Experiment 1 showed that keeping a contractive posture made participants judge the object higher status than participants sitting expansively. Experiment 2 found that compared with people of low social status, the curl degree of subjects’ body is bigger when they talk with high social status characters. Experiment 3 showed that participants who kept kneeling position scored the characters' social status higher than participants who kept sitting, participants who kept looking down accepted the character’s opinion more than the participants who kept looking up. The above to prove that the bidirectionality, mulriple metaphorical effect of humble postures and vertical space of Chinese ritual, but the coupling effect of humble postures and spatial metaphors worked independently. In Confucianism, Confucius established the traditional practice of kernel. The self–cultivation of practice of kernel which was constituted of ritual studies mainly focused on the transformation of body and mind. Ritual is a cognitive and behavioral model that make the conscience rooted in the body. At the same time, ritual constructed social ethics to civilize the body and mind of people of the whole society.

Key words: Chinese ritual, embodiment, body metaphors, spatial metaphors, social situation