ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

中国科学院心理研究所

• 论文 •

群际威胁与集群行为意向：群体性事件的双路径模型

1. (中山大学中国公共管理研究中心、政治与公共事务管理学院, 广州 510275)
• 收稿日期:2013-07-16 出版日期:2013-12-25 发布日期:2013-12-25
• 通讯作者: 张书维
• 基金资助:

中山大学“985工程”三期建设项目、国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(71301170)、国家社会科学基金重大项目(13&ZD011)、中国博士后科学基金第51批面上资助项目(2012M511853)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助中山大学青年教师培育项目(13wkpy45)。

Intergroup Threat and Collective Action Intention: Dual-pathway Model of Mass Incidents

ZHANG Shuwei

1. (Center for Chinese Public Administration Research; School of Government, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275 China)
• Received:2013-07-16 Online:2013-12-25 Published:2013-12-25
• Contact: ZHANG Shuwei

Abstract:

As the representation of social contradictions, collective action in China typically involves mass incidents, which refer to the conflicts between certain civilians and local administration. A group member engages in collective action any time that he or she acts as a representative of a group and when the action is directed at improving the conditions for the entire group. This research focused on the motivation mechanism underlying collective action in different intergroup threat (i.e., realistic threat and identity threat) by using a survey (study 1) and an experiment (study 2). The main purpose of study 1 was to investigate the mediated effects of group efficacy (one pathway) and group-based anger (another pathway) on the relation between intergroup treat and collective action intention. Moreover, study 2 explored the moderated effect of group identity in the dual-pathway model. The results indicated that: First, both group efficacy and group-based anger were mediators of the relation between intergroup threat (realistic threat and identity threat) and collective action intention. Specifically, group efficacy mediated the relation between realistic threat and collective action intention; group efficacy also mediated the relation between identity threat and collective action intention; group-based anger mediated the relation between realistic threat and collective action intention; group-based anger also mediated the relation between identity threat and collective action intention. Moreover, the mediating effect of group efficacy on realistic threat-collective action intention relation was stronger than that on identity threat-collective action intention association; whereas the mediating effect of group-based anger on identity threat-collective action intention relation was stronger than that on realistic threat-collective action intention association. Second, group identity moderated the relation between intergroup threat and collective action intention. Specifically, group identity moderated the relation between realistic threat and collective action intention; whereas group identity moderated the relation between identity threat and collective action intention. In addition, group identity was a mediated moderator that group efficacy and group-based anger mediated the relation between the group identity- intergroup threat interaction and collective action intention. An important theoretical implication of this research is that it connects the dual-pathway model of collective action with the different types of intergroup threat at distinct levels of group identity. Furthermore, the current study provides a useful analytical paradigm for mediated moderating effects. Regarding the practical implications, this research examines the social psychological motivation mechanism underlying collective action in China to inform administrators and policy makers on how to monitor and reduce mass incidents in public administration.