ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (8): 995-1003.

• 论文 •    下一篇



  1. (1河北师范大学教育学院, 石家庄 050024)
    (2河北师范大学汇华学院, 石家庄 050091) (3河北科技学院, 保定 071000)
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-18 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2012-08-28 发布日期:2012-08-28
  • 通讯作者: 鲁忠义

Dynamic Simulation of Emotion in Language Comprehension

LU Zhong-Yi;BA Xiao-Na;LI Xing-Fen   

  1. (1 College of Education, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050091, China)
    (2 Huihua College of Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050091, China)
    (3 Hebei College of Science and Technology, Baoding 071000, China)
  • Received:2011-11-18 Revised:1900-01-01 Published:2012-08-28 Online:2012-08-28
  • Contact: LU Zhong-Yi

摘要: 采用混合实验设计, 句子-图片匹配范式和动态过程再现范式, 以包含静态情绪和动态变化情绪信息的句子为实验材料, 以被试对图片的反应时间为因变量指标, 通过不同时间间隔的设置以及不同的实验程序, 探讨了语言理解中静态情绪和动态情绪的心理模拟及其时间进程。结果表明:(1)被试对情绪的心理模拟与句中的语言描述一致, 情绪语境能够激活被试的经验模拟。(2)被试在句子理解加工的初期就能迅速、即时地模拟静态情绪信息, 且这种模拟具有一定的稳定性和持久性。(3)被试可以对动态变化的情绪进行动态的心理模拟, 不过这种模拟所需的时间要长, 是在句子理解加工的后期完成的。被试对不同情绪变化方向的句子模拟受到原情绪状态的影响, 当阅读由消极情绪向积极情绪变化的句子时, 由于被试固着于原来的消极情绪而发生了模拟积极情绪的困难。

关键词: 语言理解, 体验认知, 知觉符号理论, 情绪模拟, 动态模拟

Abstract: The major view of Barsalou’s perceptual symbol system, a new theory about knowledge representation, is that perceptual symbol is a component of cognition. Up till now, the theory has been put into wide application and obtained much support in experimental studies of language comprehension. Based on this theory, Zwaan proposed the Immersed Experiencer Frame (IEF), which assumed that the comprehender was an immersed experiencer of the described situation and comprehension was the vicarious experience of the described events. Hence, dynamic mental representation of human emotion can be seen as a result of tracing and simulating the emotional experience on the basis of reading comprehension.
This research adopted mixed experimental design and sentence–pictures match paradigm. It used such sentences containing static and dynamic emotional information as experimental materials. The response latency of picture judgment was collected as the dependent variable. Different settings of temporal intervals and experimental procedures were employed to explore the participants’ mental representation and time proceedings for comprehension of static and dynamic emotions progression. The research results suggest (1) Participants are able to mentally simulate the emotional information during language comprehension, and emotional context will highly activate their experiential simulation. (2)The representation for static emotion can be finished at the earlier period of language comprehension. Once formed, it becomes highly stable and enduring. (3) Participants are able to mentally simulate the dynamic emotion, which takes a greater amount of time and is finished at the later period of comprehension. The representation for the sentences involving emotional alternations is influenced by the former emotional state. To be more specific, participants will stick to the previous negative emotion and it is not easy for them to represent the positive emotion when reading the sentences involving a transformation from the negative emotional state to the positive state.

Key words: language comprehension, embodied cognition, perceptual symbol system, emotion simulation, dynamic simulation