ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 1081-1090.

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认知功能的性别差异

Agneta Herlitz and Johanna Lovén   

  1. Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Sweden
  • 收稿日期:2009-03-30 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2009-11-30 发布日期:2009-11-30
  • 通讯作者: Agneta Herlitz

Sex Differences in Cognitive Functions

Agneta Herlitz and Johanna Lovén   

  1. Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Sweden
  • Received:2009-03-30 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2009-11-30 Published:2009-11-30
  • Contact: Agneta Herlitz

摘要: 我们了概述认知功能的性别差异, 尤其是情节记忆功能的性别差异。已有的研究结果表明女性在言语生成、情节记忆、面孔识别任务中比男性存在明显的优势, 而男性的优势则表现在视空间任务中, 如视空间情节记忆任务。本文批判性地讨论了一个流行的假设: 类固醇激素影响认知功能的性别差异, 得出的结论是内源性睾丸激素或雌二醇均未显著影响认知功能的性别差异。

关键词: 认知功能, 情节记忆, 性别差异, 类固醇荷尔蒙

Abstract: Here, we present an overview of sex differences in cognitive functions with a special focus on sex differences in episodic memory. Results show that women perform at a substantially higher level than men on verbal production, episodic memory, and face recognition tasks. Men perform at a higher level on visuospatial tasks, including visuospatial episodic memory tasks. The popular hypothesis that steroid hormones affect the magnitude of sex differences in cognitive functions is critically discussed, and the conclusion is that neither endogenous testosterone nor estradiol affect cognitive sex differences substantially.

Key words: cognitive functions, episodic memory, sex differences, steroid hormones