ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 1049-1053.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

年龄和性别对气味和词汇的语义识别的不同影响

Maria Larsson, Margareta Hedner, and Jonas Olofsson   

  1. (1Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden) (2Stockholm Brain Institute, Stockholm, Sweden)
  • 收稿日期:2009-02-20 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2009-11-30 发布日期:2009-11-30
  • 通讯作者: Maria Larsson

Differential Age and Sex Effects in Semantic Recognition of Odors and Words

Maria Larsson, Margareta Hedner, and Jonas Olofsson   

  1. (1Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden) (2Stockholm Brain Institute, Stockholm, Sweden)
  • Received:2009-02-20 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2009-11-30 Published:2009-11-30
  • Contact: Maria Larsson

摘要: 本研究采用基于人口学特征的大规模取样, 通过线索气味识别测验和词汇测验考察了年龄和性别因素对嗅觉功能和语义知识的影响。1497位健康的成人(35岁~95岁)参与了气味识别和词汇熟练性测验。结果表明年龄对两项测验的成绩都有显著的负面影响, 尽管嗅觉测验的年龄效应更大。女性比男性识别出更多的气味且这种效应与年龄无关, 这进一步证实了先前的观察。本文详细讨论了这些发现的意义。

关键词: 嗅觉功能, 语义知识, 年龄, 性别

Abstract: This study examined the impact of age and sex on olfactory function as determined by a cued odor identification test and on semantic knowledge as indexed by a vocabulary test using a large population-based sample. 1497 healthy adults varying in age from 35 to 95 years were assessed in odor identification and in vocabulary proficiency. The results showed that aging exhibited negative repercussions on performance in both tests, although the age effect was stronger in the olfactory task. Corroborating previous observations, females identified more odors than men irrespective of age. The implications of the findings are discussed.

Key words: olfactory function, semantic knowledge, age, sex