ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (09): 902-910.

• • 上一篇    

荆其诚的国际心理学思想与实践

杨文登;叶浩生   

  1. 南京师范大学心理学研究所, 南京 210097
  • 收稿日期:2008-12-02 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2009-09-30 发布日期:2009-09-30
  • 通讯作者: 叶浩生

Jing Qicheng’s Thoughts and Practice of International Psychology

YANG Wen-Deng;YE Hao-Sheng   

  1. Institute of Psychology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
  • Received:2008-12-02 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2009-09-30 Published:2009-09-30
  • Contact: YE Hao-Sheng

摘要: 荆其诚先生是当代中国著名的心理学家, 是改革开放后中国心理学界在国际上的代言人。他视野开阔, 是颇具造诣的实验心理学家, 也是功底深厚的理论心理学家。文章没有涉及他在认知与发展心理学方面所做的贡献, 只从理论方面分析他的国际心理学思想及实践, 找寻他对心理学研究所持的基本态度与价值追求。文章认为荆其诚在宏观把握心理学的发展逻辑后, 以“两个阵营的心理学”来界定心理学的现状, 坚信心理学的未来是一种国际的心理学。为了达成这一学术理想, 荆其诚不仅撰文将国外心理学介绍到中国、将中国心理学推介到国外, 还积极投身于国际心理学组织与实践, 长期担任国际心联的领导职务, 组织并主持召开了2004年第28届国际心理学大会。荆其诚的一生为彰显心理学的国际维度、促进国际心理学交流、将中国心理学推上世界舞台作出了巨大贡献。

关键词: 荆其诚, 国际心理学, 中国心理学会, 国际心理科学联合会, 实践

Abstract: Jing Qicheng is a well-known psychologist in contemporary China, and also the representative of Chinese psy-chologists in international world after the open and reform policy was carried out in China. He is both a remarkable experimental psychologist and a theoretical psychologist who has a very solid foundation. The paper doesn’t mention the contributions he made in cognitive and developmental psychology, it just analyzes his international psychological thoughts and practices theoretically to search for his basic attitude and values in psychology.
Having got the developmental clues of psychology macroscopically, Jing divides the present Psychology into “two groups of Psychology”. One is the “mechanical group”, in which human beings are the passive me-chanics; another is the “Humanistic Psychology Group”, which emphasizes men’s active function. Considering the physiological function of Psychology to be its main research objective, the mechanical group follows the behaviorists’ route and accepts the experimental method as its main research approach, which origins from the old philosophy of associationism. “Humanistic Psychology Group” includes psychologists from the social, clinical, and consulting fields. Their work is connected with the nature of human beings. They construct their theories by means of researching, observing, and experimenting, but their opinions differ from each other, thus it is a loose group with a lot of members. Knowing the present situation of modern psychology, he analyzed the developmental trend of Psychology, and believed that future of Psychology will be a kind of international psy-chology. He holds the opinion that consciousness and behavior are to be mingled and converged into a real in-ternational psychology regardless of the school, nation, culture and history. In his opinion, the cultural charac-teristics of psychology do exist, but the international features play a more important part. Experimental, theo-retical and practical psychologies are all the necessities of psychology and members of the big psychology fam-ily. Among psychology and other disciplines, among the internal members of psychology, and among the psy-chologies of different nations, active exchanges are beneficial to all aspects.
To realize his academic dream as early as possible, Jing Qicheng had tried his best to pursue it all his life. Jing not only introduced the outside psychology into China and spread the Chinese psychology to the interna-tional world, but also actively participated in the international psychological organizations. He was a leader of the International Union of Psychological Science, organized and hosted the 28th International Congress of Psy-chology. All his life, Jing had made great contributions in highlighting the international aspect of Psychology, promoting the exchange of international Psychology, and pushing the Chinese psychology into the world stage.

Key words: Jing Qicheng, international psychology, Chinese Psychological Society, International Union of Psychological Science, practice