ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (05): 593-603.

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  1. 南大学心理学院,认知与人格教育部重点实验室(西南大学),重庆 400715
  • 收稿日期:2007-01-22 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-05-30 发布日期:2008-05-30
  • 通讯作者: 夏凌翔

Development of the Self-supporting Personality Scale for Adolescent Students

XIA Ling-Xiang;HUANG Xi-Ting   

  1. Institute of Psychology and Social management, School of Psychology, Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality(SWU), Ministry of Education , Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2007-01-22 Revised:1900-01-01 Published:2008-05-30 Online:2008-05-30
  • Contact: Xia Lingxiang

摘要: 通过对前期系列研究结果的梳理,建构出了涉及个人自立与人际自立两个方面共10种特质的青少年学生自立人格结构。根据理论构想,在5次预试的基础上编制出了青少年学生自立人格量表,并对1723个有效被试进行了调查。将有效被试划分为两个样本分别进行了探索性与验证性因素分析,并根据有关结果确定了量表项目。探索性与验证性因素分析的结果都检验了青少年学生自立人格结构。最后,对青少年学生自立人格结构的特点与维度含义等问题进行了讨论

关键词: 自立, 自立人格, 自立人格结构, 量表编制

Abstract: Self-supporting (自立) is a traditional concept in Chinese culture and is regarded as an essence of the Chinese national spirit. The self-supporting personality is a typical personality construal and refers to the excellent personality traits of self-supporting people. The concept of self-supporting personality differs from Western concepts such as independence and autonomy because the self-supporting personality is a dialectic personality factor. In other words, self-supporting personality is the unification of personal independence and interpersonal connection, which are opposites.
According to the results of a series of studies, the structure of self-supporting personality was constructed as a first-order model with 10 factors. Further, the 10 factors should be classified into two theoretical categories: personal self-supporting and interpersonal self-supporting.
On the basis of the theoretical hypothesis, the self-supporting personality scale for adolescent students (SSPS-AS) was developed using five tentative surveys. The scale included the personal self-supporting subscale and interpersonal self-supporting subscale. The scale was administered to 1723 valid subjects. These subjects were divided into two samples, and an exploratory factor analysis was performed on one sample, while a confirmatory factor analysis was performed on the other sample. Based on the results of the analyses, 48 items were confirmed for the scale.
The results of the exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis showed that (1) the personal self-supporting subscale and interpersonal self-supporting subscale were first-order models with 5 factors; (2) there was no significant difference among the structure models of the self-supporting personality of college, senior high school, and junior high school students. (3) The 10 factors of the self-supporting personality were relatively independent of each other.
The 10 factors of the self-supporting personality were personal independence, personal initiative, personal responsibility, personal flexibility, opening, interpersonal independence, interpersonal initiative, interpersonal responsibility, interpersonal flexibility, and interpersonal acceptance

Key words: self-supporting, self-supporting personality, structure of self-supporting personality, scale development