ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 59-64.

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快乐感与社会支持的关系

辛自强;池丽萍   

  1. 北京师范大学发展心理研究所,北京师范大学发展心理研究所 北京100875 ,北京100875
  • 出版日期:2001-10-25 发布日期:2001-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 辛自强

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HAPPINESS AND SOCIAL SUPPORT

Xin Ziqiang Chi Liping (The Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875)   

  • Online:2001-10-25 Published:2001-10-25

摘要: 采用量表法以 30 4个成年人为被试研究了快乐感和社会支持的关系。差异检验表明 ,男性的正向情感和社会支持源显著多于女性 ;而女性对社会支持的利用度显著高于男性 ;在快乐感、负向情感和人际支持上没有显著的性别差异。回归分析表明 ,社会支持中的人际支持 (主要包括配偶、父母、朋友、邻里、同事的支持 )和支持利用度(包括遇到烦恼时对支持的利用以及团体参与程度 )对快乐感、正向情感和负向情感具有较好的预测作用。

关键词: 快乐感, 正、负向情感, 社会支持, 人际支持, 支持利用度

Abstract: The relationship between happiness and social support was examined in a survey of 304 men and women using questionnaires. Several gender effects were obtained. (1) Men had significantly more social support and showed more positive affect than women. (2) Women's utilization of social support was higher than that of men. (3) There were no gender differences in happiness, negative affect, or interpersonal support. (4) Regression analyses showed that both interpersonal support (including that from spouses, parents, friends, neighbors, and colleagues) and support utilization were significant predictors of happiness and positive and negative affect.

Key words: happiness, positive affect, negative affect, social support, interpersonal support, the utilization of support