ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 42-47.

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单字词的学习年龄对小学生汉字识别的影响(I)

管益杰;方富熹   

  1. 北京师范大学心理健康与教育研究所,中国科学院心理研究所 北京100875,中国科学院心理研究所,北京100101 ,北京100101
  • 出版日期:2001-10-25 发布日期:2001-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 管益杰

THE EFFECT OF WORD LEARNING AGE IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN'SVISUAL CHINESE CHARACTER RECOGNITION (I)

Guan Yijie 1,2 Fang Fuxi 2(1Institute of Mental Health and Education,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875)(2Institute of Psychology,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101)   

  • Online:2001-10-25 Published:2001-10-25

摘要: 该研究以小学一、三、五年级的学生为被试 ,采用字词的真假判断任务 ,选取分别在语文课本中一、三、五年级出现的三组字 (分别记为A、B、C三组字 )为真字 ,考察了单字词的学习年龄 (LA)对小学生汉字识别时间的影响。结果表明 :无论纵向比较还是横向比较 ,单字词的学习年龄 (LA)对小学生的真假字判断反应时都有显著影响。

关键词: 单字词的学习年龄(LA), 字频, 熟悉度, 真假字判断任务

Abstract: The study was to explore the effect of word learning age in primary school children's Chinese character recognition. Real characters and pseudo-characters were used as stimuli. Three groups of real characters were used which were selected in the Chinese textbooks of grade 1,3,5 respectively as real characters. The subjects were primary school children from grade 1,3,5 who were required to judge whether a stimulus was a legal character or not. The result showed a strong effect of word learning age in primary school children's LDT of Chinese character.

Key words: learning age, frequency, familiarity, lexical decision task