ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1983, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (3): 114-120.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

在不同感觉的记忆活动中海马作用的探讨

张祥镛;区英琦;许世彤   

  1. 华南师范大学 ,华南师范大学 ,华南师范大学
  • 出版日期:1983-09-25 发布日期:1983-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 张祥镛

THE ROLE OF HIPPOCAMPUS IN THE MEMORY OF DIFFERENT SENSES

Zhang Xiang-yong Ou Ying-qi Xu Shi-tong (South China Normal University,Guangzhou)   

  • Online:1983-09-25 Published:1983-09-25

摘要: 本文旨在探讨在视、听觉与味、嗅觉这些不同感觉的记忆活动中海马的作用。发现电刺激海马显著地阻抑了兔以声音为条件信号的条件性防御反应的建立,但对以气味为条件信号的条件性防御反应的建立则无明显的影响;电损毁海马对大鼠建立以灯光为条件信号的条件性防御反应有明显的障碍作用,可是对建立以甜味为条件信号的条件性味觉厌恶反应却无明显的影响;还有,电损毁海马对大鼠上述的两种条件反应的保持均无明显的影响。这表明海马在不同感觉的记忆活动中其作用是不同的。对味、嗅觉的记忆海马的参与是不重要的,而在视、听觉记忆形成的早期阶段,海马却起着重要的作用。本文对此进行了讨论,并从系统发生及个体发育的角度进行分析,认为存在上述差异是可以理解的。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: 1. With the electrical stimulation of hippocampus no deterioration wasobserved in the establishment of the conditioned avoidance response with thesmell stimulus as conditioned stimulus (CS) in the rabbits.But there weresignificantly inhibitory effects on the establishment of the conditionedavoidance response with the hearing stimulus as CS. 2. No disorder occurred because of electric destruction of thehippocampus in the establishment and persistence of the conditionedgustatory detestation with the gustatory stimulus as CS in rats.But in theestablishment of the conditioned avoidance response with the visual stimulusas CS the inhibitory effects occurred significantly.But no effectwas observed on the retention of its memory. 3. These results show that the memory of the sense of smell andgustation hardly depends on the action of the hippocampus.But in theformation of the memory of vision and hearing the hippocampus plays animportant role.Probable explanations of the abovementioned phenomena arediscussed here.

Key words: NULL