ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

中国科学院心理研究所

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### 初一学生对汉语虚实词遗忘特征的初步探讨

• 出版日期:1964-12-25 发布日期:1964-12-25
• 通讯作者: 游性慎

### PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON THE FORGETTING OF AUXILIARIES AND OF SUBSTANTIVES IN FIRST GRADE JUNIOR MIDDLE SCHOOL PUPILS

YOU HSING-SHEN

• Online:1964-12-25 Published:1964-12-25

Abstract: Pupils were required to memorize 4 paragraphs of text materials (3 paragraphs of classical prose and 2 paragraphs of modern prose). By means of reproductions made at various intervals after memorization, the retention of substantive and auxiliary words was examined, which gave the following results:1) The forgetting ratio was greater for auxiliaries. This was due to the fact that the pupils memorized only the general meaning of the text, thus overlooked the role of auxiliary words in a sentence, which were thus easily forgotten.2) There were two kinds of manifestations in the forgetting: omission and error. This might be due to generalization and inhibition that took place in the higher nervous activity.3) Pupils' knowledge and experience affected the understanding of the text, idiomatic expressions also influenced the reproduction.

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