ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (9): 1124-1132.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.01124

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1信阳师范学院教育科学学院, 河南信阳 464000) (2天津师范大学心理与行为研究院, 天津 300074)
    (3国民心理健康评估与促进协同创新中心, 天津 300074)
  • 收稿日期:2014-08-31 发布日期:2015-09-25 出版日期:2015-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 白学军, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    天津市科技计划项目“天津市民心理健康素质监测系统开发” (12ZCZDSF07100), 天津市高等学校心理健康与行为调控创新团队(39),河南省科技计划项目(102400450268), 河南省教育厅人文社科项目(2014-qn-438), 信阳师范学院青年骨干教师项目(2014GGJS-08)等资助。

When does Inhibition of Affect Labeling Occur: ERP Study

YUE Pengfei1,2; DU Wanwan1; BAI Xuejun2,3; XU Yuanli1   

  1. (1 School of Education Science, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000, China)
     (2 Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 30074, China)
    (3 Center of Cooperative Innovation for Assessment and Promotion of Mental Health, Tianjin 30074, China)
  • Received:2014-08-31 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25
  • Contact: BAI Xuejun, E-mail:


研究采用了ERPs技术, 以正性和负性面孔为实验材料, 选择16名大学生为被试, 探讨情绪标注是在何时抑制了情绪。结果发现:(1)情绪标注完成前:在负性情绪下, 情绪标注和性别标注在早期LPP波幅上没有差异; 在正性情绪下, 情绪标注和性别标注在早期LPP波幅上出现差异, 且情绪标注比性别标注时的LPP波幅值更大。(2)情绪标注完成后:不管是在正性情绪还是在负性情绪下, 情绪标注在晚期LPP波幅值上比性别标注值更小。上述结果提示情绪标注对情绪的抑制发生在对情绪形成明确概念之后。

关键词: 情绪标注, 性别标注, ERPs



Affect labeling refers to the processing of emotional stimuli, with words describing the stimuli. Many studies using fMRI have found that affect reactions are weakened when they are being tested in an affect labeling condition. However, studies using ERP technology have found dissimilar results. Given this contradiction, this study uses ERPs technology to study the change of affect labeling at two stages of the EEG to test this issue.
The present study used positive and negative emotional faces as experimental materials, with happy emotional face images as positive stimuli and angry emotional face images as negative stimuli. Half of these faces were male, and half were female. The research used a 2 (labeling types) × 2 (emotion types) experimental design, in which there were two levels of labeling types: affect labeling and gender labeling. And emotion types had two levels: anger and happiness. In the Experiment, the affect labeling condition referred to observing the facial emotion expressed in the description given below the face, and then selecting the appropriate word (angry or happy). Gender labeling refers to observing the face pictures, and then choosing the right words for the face's gender (Li Na or Zhang Tao). If the subject believed the face images are men, they should choose the marked word “Zhang Tao”, or “Li Na” if they believe the images are women. The dependent variables were accuracy rate, reaction time, and the subjects to perform tasks during EEG.
The results show that: (1) before the end of affect labeling: in the negative emotion condition, the amplitudes have no differences between affect labeling and gender labeling in the late positive potential (LPP), however the amplitudes of affect labeling were higher under the positive emotion condition in the LPP; (2) after the affect labeling: the amplitudes of affect labeling in the LPP were lower, compared with gender labeling, regardless of positive emotion or negative emotion.

The above results reveal that the inhibition of the affect labeling on emotions occurs when subjects label emotional stimuli. In the process of emotional labeling the positive emotion was enhanced, and then was weakened.

Key words: affect labeling, gender labeling, event-related brain potentials