ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (12): 1651-1662.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2012.01651

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

工作-家庭支持对员工创造力的影响探讨

王永丽;张智宇;何颖   

  1. (中山大学管理学院, 广州 510275)
  • 收稿日期:2012-03-24 出版日期:2012-12-25 发布日期:2012-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 王永丽, E-mail: wangyli@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(71072088)资助。

The Research on the Effects of Work-Family Support on Employees' Creativity

WANG Yong-Li;ZHANG Zhi-Yu;HE Ying   

  1. (Business School, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China)
  • Received:2012-03-24 Online:2012-12-25 Published:2012-12-25
  • Contact: WANG Yong-Li

摘要: 采用问卷调查法, 以773对上级-下属配对数据为样本, 探讨了工作-家庭支持对员工创造力的影响及其内在作用机制。结果表明, 在我国文化背景下, 工作-家庭支持由组织支持、领导支持、情感性支持和工具性支持四个因素组成, 其中组织支持和领导支持统称为工作领域支持, 情感性支持和工具性支持统称为家庭领域支持; 工作投入中介工作领域支持对员工创造力的影响; 创造性人格在工作投入与员工创造力关系之间起调节作用。

关键词: 工作-家庭支持, 工作投入, 创造性人格, 员工创造力

Abstract: Creativity is one of the central issues in organizational behavior and human resource management research. Nowadays, employees are paying more and more attention to the balance between work and family. As a result, many organizations hope to provide more family support to help employees devote themselves to the job, and thus improve their creativity. However, work-family support is a two-way concept, so the family support that plays an important role in this process should also be concerned. This research focused on work-family support which means the support from organization and family, and discussed the impact of employees’ perceived work-family support on employees’ creativity as well as the effect of work engagement as mediator. At the same time, we took personality into consideration and examined the moderating effects of creative personality in the process. Based on the existing literature, our study was conducted with matching questionnaires. The questionnaire for employees included work-family support, work engagement and creative personality, while employees’ creativity was rated by direct supervisors. Data was collected in Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai and other cities among 773 groups of employees and their direct supervisors. After analyzing the data, we have found the following conclusions. (1) In the context of our Chinese culture, work-family support consists of four factors which are organizational support, leadership support, emotional support and instrumental support. Organizational support and leadership support are defined as work support, while emotional support and instrumental support are defined as family support. (2) Demographic variables had distinct influence on employees’ perceived work-family support and work engagement. (3) Employees’ perceived work-family support had significantly positive effect on work engagement. (4) Work engagement mediated the effects of work support on employees’ creativity. (5) Creative personality moderated the effects of work engagement on employees’ creativity. The creativity of individuals with high creative personality was strongly influenced by work engagement compared to individuals with low creative personality. The present study demonstrated the impact of employees’ perceived work support on employees’ creativity as well as the effect of work engagement as mediator. It is indicated that in order to enhance employee’s creativity, organizations should provide Family Friendly Policies besides selecting and training. Furthermore, it would be effective and meaningful to guide the immediate supervisors, who are regarded as representatives of the organization, to help employees balance between work and family. On the other hand, although the impact of family support on creativity was not significant, the positive effect of family support on work engagement should not be ignored. It is worthwhile for organization to develop a family friendly culture which helps employees’ to gain the support from family. The last contribution of this study is that the effect of work engagement was moderated by creative personality has been proved. For practical implications, it should be encouraged for managers to provide more work support for employees with high creativity personality.

Key words: work-family support, work engagement, creative personality, employees&rsquo, creativity