ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (6): 969-977.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00969

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Effects of visual language on reading among people who are deaf and hard of hearing and the underlying mechanisms

ZHAO Ying, WU Xinchun(), XIE Ruibo, FENG Jie, SUN Peng, CHEN Hongjun   

  1. Research Center of Children’s Reading and Learning, Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2019-06-10 Online:2020-06-15 Published:2020-04-22
  • Contact: WU Xinchun


The auditory channel is disabled for people who are deaf and hard of hearing, so they have to rely heavily on visual language — lip-reading and sign language — to develop their reading ability. Lip-reading can help deaf and hard-of-hearing people to form phonological representation, develop vocabulary knowledge, and promote word reading and reading comprehension. Oral and written language processing activates sign language, which affects all levels of reading ability for people who are deaf and hard of hearing. Future research should explore the role of reading skills such as phonological awareness and vocabulary knowledge in the effect of visual language on reading ability, and develop a theoretical model that explains the mechanisms underlying reading acquisition by visual language for Chinese people who are deaf and hard of hearing.

Key words: deaf and hard-of-hearing people, visual language, reading ability, lip-reading, sign language

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