ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 666-675.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00666

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The influence of time perspectives on addictive behavior and its mechanism

CAO Hua, YANG Ling(), HE Yuan Yuan, SU Hong Ting, ZHANG Jian Xun, ZHANG Yang   

  1. School of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
  • Received:2018-06-05 Online:2019-04-15 Published:2019-02-22
  • Contact: YANG Ling


Addictive behaviors have caused serious harm to individuals and society. The study on the time perspective of groups with addictive behaviors has developed a new perspective from which to explore the emergence and development of addictive behaviors. Individuals with negative past perspectives and present hedonistic and fatalistic orientations are more likely to have addictive behaviors, while the orientation of future time perspective is a protective factor against addictive behaviors. This not only reduces the occurrence of addictive behaviors, but also benefits recovery from addictive behaviors. Behavioral mechanisms such as self-regulation, impulsive decision, and neural mechanisms of the prefrontal cortex can help us to thoroughly understand addictive behaviors from the time perspective. Future research can further explore the consistency and specificity of the time perspective in different addictive behaviors and use longitudinal research methods to explore the dynamic processes of addicts' time perspectives. Additionally, intervention addressing the time perspectives of addicts can help addicts achieve balance by improving their future time perspectives and reducing their orientations of past negative and present time perspectives, which can then help addicts increase their abstinence.

Key words: time perspective, addictive behavior, decision-making, mechanisms.

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