ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (8): 1374-1382.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01374

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Timing mechanism of retrospective duration estimation

YANG Lianlian, HUANG Xiting(), YUE Tong, LIU Peiduo   

  1. Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2017-05-09 Online:2018-08-15 Published:2018-07-02
  • Contact: HUANG Xiting


Memory is a vital component of retrospective duration estimation, which is either assessed by the interval between two successive events, or the duration of an event after it has ended. Retrospective duration estimation can be divided into two types: close-range and long-distance. The timing mechanisms of both are related to memory; however, they have distinct foci. The former focuses on short-term memory or long-term memory; here, direct evidence is derived from the immediate recall of a single or multiple cognitive tasks to estimate time, while indirect evidence refers to the influence of physical, physiological, and psychological factors. The latter emphasizes the role of autobiographical memory, as evidenced by the measurement mode of a questionnaire or an interview and the influencing factors of subject-object characteristics. Future research should focus on further extending the timing mechanism of retrospective duration estimation in an integrated manner, expand the research of behavioral measurement, and explore the basis of neurobiology for retrospective duration estimation.

Key words: retrospective duration estimation, timing mechanism, autobiographical memory, temporal distance, temporal landmarks

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