ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 221-229.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00221

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The dynamic characteristic and mental mechanism of retrospective duration estimation

YANG Lianlian, HUANG Xiting(), LIU Peiduo, YUE Tong   

  1. Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2018-03-30 Online:2019-02-15 Published:2018-12-25
  • Contact: HUANG Xiting


As time passes, the dynamic characteristic of retrospective duration estimation is reflected in two aspects: short-term delay and long-term development. The former focuses on delay in seconds and minutes, attributing to context changes or a series of cognitive differences caused by target duration. The latter emphasizes individual development across ages (such as infancy, childhood, and adulthood) and considers differences in the speed of information processing as the main cause. Finally, from a comprehensive perspective, it is believed that the dynamics may be due to distinct mental representation of duration from seconds to minutes, which reflects the range-synthetic characteristic of time cognition. Future research should focus on extending temporal representation in the process of time lapse, further explore the role of timing strategies closely related to the target intervals in the retrospective duration estimation, and expand the dynamic characteristic of individual differences such as age and personality type.

Key words: retrospective duration estimation, dynamic characteristic, delay, individual development, range- synthetic model of time cognition

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