ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (3): 394-402.

• 研究前沿 • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review On Gay Men’ Body Image: What and Why

ZHANG Chun-Yu;WEI Jia;LUO Yu;CHEN Xie-Ping;ZHANG Jin-Fu   

  1. (1 School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
    (2 Research Center of Scene Psychology of Southwest University and Chongqing Police Department, Chongqing 400715, China)
  • Received:2011-09-02 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2012-03-15 Published:2012-03-15
  • Contact: ZHANG Jin-Fu

Abstract: Gay men’ body image have been the focus of research over the past 30 years. Gay men report greater levels of poor body image, body dissatisfaction and eating disorders compared to heterosexual men. The ideal gay man’s body is constructed by researchers and theorists as thin and muscle. To account for the phenomena of body image in gay men, researchers have tended to speculate about the contribution of a range of social-cultural and psychological factors. It includes the sexual objectification theory, sociocultural theory, internalized homonegativity, evolution psychology hypothesis, the role of sex role and AIDS/HIV. Integration and diversity should be the future directions of research. Two factors should be concerned in the method, which are Internet-based recruitment and phenomenological analysis. Culture specificity of Chinese gay men is also should be concerned.

Key words: gay men, body image, sexual objectification theory, internalized homonegativity, AIDS/HIV