ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (11): 2013-2023.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.02013

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The causes of body image disturbance: An explanation from “looking-glass self” perspective

LI Qingqing, LIU Yi()   

  1. Department of Psychology, School of philosophy, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
  • Received:2018-03-30 Online:2018-11-15 Published:2018-09-26
  • Contact: LIU Yi


Body image disturbance mainly refers to the individual's negative perception of the body, negative emotional experience and the corresponding negative behavior regulation. The "looking-glass self" theory suggests that the attitude and reaction of others is a "mirror" from which we know ourselves. According to this theory, the main external reasons for body image disturbance include the negative real evaluations from the primary group and the diverse real evaluations from the secondary group. Meanwhile, the main internal reasons include the fear of subjective imaginary evaluation and the deviation of subjective perceptual evaluation. To alleviate the increasing disturbance and promote the benign transformation of disorders, further researches are needed to explore the sources of body image disturbance, improve the intervention strategy on social interest, and disclose the basic influence of the other-oriented under face culture.

Key words: body image disturbance, looking-glass self, real evaluation, negative parenting, social interest

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